3.1. One popular definition of economics is
a). How firms maximize profits.
b). How consumers maximize utility.
c). The use of scarce
c). The use of scarce resources to satisfy our wants.
d). The use of fiscal and monetary policies to achieve economic outcomes.
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Question 21 pts
2. In a capitalist economy
a). The government plays the dominant role.
b). Market forces coordinate most production activities.
c). The prices of most goods and services are set by the government.
d). All of the above are correct.
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Question 31 pts
3. In a capitalist economy
a). Most producers are driven by the desire to make profit.
b). The government regulates most economic activities.
c). Foreigners play no role in the economy.
d). The output of most goods are planned.
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Question 41 pts
4. In drawing the graph of two variables that are related
a). The Y variable goes on the horizontal axis.
b). The X variable goes on the vertical axis.
c). The independent variable goes on the vertical axis.
d). In most cases the dependent variable goes on the vertical axis.
5.In Andrew’s Furniture Shop, he assembles both bookcases and TV stands. Each type of furniture takes him about the same
s him about the same time to assemble. He figures he has time to make at most 18 pieces of furniture by this Saturday. The materials for each bookcase cost him $20.00 and the materials for each TV stand cost him $40.00. He has $600.00 to spend on materials. Andrew makes a profit of $60.00 on each bookcase and a profit of $100.00 for each TV stand. Find how many of each piece of furniture Andrew should make so that he maximizes his profit.
Using the information in the problem, write the constraints. Let x represent number of bookcases, and y represent number of TV stands.
6.3A(g) + X(g) → Z(g) ΔH° = -480 kJ/molrxn
The equation shown above represents an exothermic reaction between A(g)
reaction between A(g) and X(g). What is the amount of heat released when 10 mol of A(g) reacts with an excess X(g) ?
Using the heats of formation found in the table above, calculate ΔH for the reaction below.
6A(aq) + 7X(g) → 6Y(l)
Y + 2X → 4Z ΔH=-4
A + 3B → 2Z ΔH=-2
A → X +C ΔH=7
Using the thermodynamic data above, determine ΔH for the reaction below.
2C+ 6B → Y
When 0.3 moles of A(s) (4 grams) is dissolved in 12 grams of water at 23°C, the temperature of the water increases to 31°C. The specific heat of water is 4.18 J/g°C.
Calculate ΔH in kJ/mol. Report your answer to 1 decimal place.
7.AP Chem AB FRQ
A sample consisting of 50. mL of 0.400 M solution of the acid, HClO4, is titrated
titrated with a 0.200 M solution of the base, LiOH.
Write the balanced chemical reaction for neutralization reaction:
HClO4 (aq) + LiOH (aq) → LiClO4 (aq) + H2O (l)
Write the NET ionic equation for the neutralization reaction.
OH⁻ (aq) + H⁺ (aq) → H2O (l)
Compute the pH of the titration solution. Show your work
i) before any of the base is added
ii) after 25. mL of base is added
iii) after 50. mL of base is added
A student performs the titration with the same chemicals but with smaller volumes of each chemical . Which of the following titration curves could represent the titration. Explain
A because this entails a strong acid and a strong base.
A student performs a titration of an unknown acid with a strong base and gets the following titration curve:
a) The student consults the list of pKa of acids shown below. If the acid is listed in the table below, which is the most likely identity of the unknown acid? Explain.
7.2 x 10-4
1.8 x 10-5
4.3 x 10-7
2.0 x 10-9
The unknown acid is HBrO because the calculated Ka is in between 50^-4 and 50^-6 and 2.0 x 10^-9 lies in between them.
b) What is the initial molarity of the acid?
10^-3 = 0.001M
a) Describe the components and the composition of an effective buffer solution. Explain how the components of the buffer allow the buffer to maintain its pH.
An effective buffer solution has a weak acid and its conjugate base or a weak base and its conjugate acid. A buffer solution is most effective when the ratio of its component concentrations is close to 1, also when the pH is equal to the pka of the acid.; The components of the buffer allow the buffer to maintain its pH because buffers can absorb excess H+ions or OH– ions.
An employer is interviewing four applicants for a job as a laboratory technician and asks each how to prepare a buffer solution with a pH of 5.0. The following constants may be helpful: hydrazoic acid, pKa = 4.74 Boric acid, pKa = 9.23
Archita A. says she would mix equal molar solutions of hydrazoic (HN3) and sodium azide (NaN3) solutions.
Bradley B. says she would mix equimolar Boric acid (H3BO3) and HCl solutions.
Carlos C. says he would mix equimolar Boric Acid (H3BO3) and sodium dihydrogen borate (NaH2BO3) solutions.
Delia D. says he would mix equimolar hydrazoic Acid (HN3) and NaOH solutions.
b) Which of these applicants has given an appropriate procedure? Explain your answer
Delia because she is using Sodium hydroxide which results in a pH of 5. NaOH is a strong base and in order to have an effective buffer a weak acid must be incorporated which is the HN3.
c) Explain what is wrong with the erroneous procedures.
The rest all incorporate a strong acid and a strong base or a weak acid and a weak base which don’ result in an effective buffer.
d) The applicants have access to the 1 Liter volumes of each of the solutions listed above. They have access to graduated cylinders. In order to make 1.0 Liter of the correct 5.0 buffer solution, what volumes of the two chemicals must be mixed?