2.1. Your 2-(1-hydroxyethyl)benzofuran was enriched in one enantiomer. Assuming that
generally cannot be made to produce either enantiomer as desired, use your knowledge of organic
reactions to design a reaction sequence to convert your sample to the other enantiomer. Show
reaction(s) and appropriate reagents.
2. Consider applying biocatalytic reduction with carrots to the following two ketones: tert-butyl
methyl ketone, and 3-hexanone. Which would you expect to give higher enantioselectivity in
biocatalytic reduction? Explain your answer.
3.This first part of the Individual Research Project is an Outline and Annotated Bibliography. The
Outline should provide a very brief
tline should provide a very brief overview of what you think you will do in the Policy Brief.
The Annotated Bibliography requires you to summarize at least three peer-reviewed scholarly
sources you will cite in the Policy Brief.
This assignment is designed to get you thinking about your topic in a way that clearly anticipates
the writing you will do for the Policy Brief. We want you to brainstorm and do a bit of research
well in advance of the deadline for the Policy Brief and, most importantly, we want you to put
your ideas down on paper so that we can give you feedback before writing the actual Policy
Brief. In other words, we are asking you to submit an Outline and Annotated Bibliography so
that we can help you write the best Policy Brief possible.
Your Outline should be divided into the following five sections and should be written in
I. Audience: Identify the audience you are addressing and consider what that audience
is interested in. Who are you talking to in the Policy Brief and what does this suggest
about the approach you should take? (75-100 words).
II. Problem: State how you know the issue exists. What is the proof that students need
to improve this skill? (125-150 words).
III. Importance of Problem: Indicate why this problem matters. What are the
consequences of the problem not being addressed? Why do students need to improve
this skill? (100 words)
IV. Solution: Identify your preferred solution. What solution will work in your context
and why? (75-100 words)
V. Alternative Solution: Identify at least one other possible solution. What other
solutions did you consider? (75-100 words)
The total length of the Outline should be between 450 and 550 words.
When you submit your Outline, you must also include an Annotated Bibliography. An Annotated
Bibliography is an alphabetical list of research sources that provides bibliographical data (the
title, author, date, publisher, etc.) and a short summary or annotation of the source.
Your Annotated Bibliography should contain a minimum of three scholarly or peer-reviewed
sources, each with an accompanying annotation that is between 150 and 250 words long. The
annotations must summarize the research question or thesis, research methodology, results, and
conclusion. Annotations must include summaries and paraphrased information, NOT quotations.
A good annotation will include two separate paragraphs: 1) a paragraph summarizing the
research question or thesis, research methodology, results and conclusion; and 2) a paragraph
commenting on why this source is relevant for your research.
4.a) Carbon tetrachloride is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4. It is a
colorless liquid with a “sweet” smell.
quid with a “sweet” smell.
i. Using the ground state electron configuration and excited state electron
configuration explain the hybridization of the central Carbon (C) atom. (7 Marks)
ii. Identify the orbitals that overlap to form the C-Cl bond. Draw a diagram to show
the orbital overlap. (3 Marks)
iii. What is the bond angle of CCl4? (1 Mark)
b) Consider a Fluorine atom (F) and a Fluorine anion (F-). Which of these two species would
you expect to have a larger radius? Explain your answer. (5 Marks)
c) Explain why the first ionization energy of Aluminum (Al) is less than that of Magnesium
(Mg). (4 Marks)
d) Assume the atom Oxygen(O) can form both cationic(O+) and anionic(O-) species. Place
the following species in order of increasing first ionization energy, starting with the lowest.
O+, O, O-
a) Sea water contains roughly 28.0 g of NaCl per liter. (NaCl molar mass = 58.44 gmol-1).
i. Calculate the number of moles of NaCl in a liter of sea water. (2 Marks)
ii. Calculate the molarity of NaCl in sea water. (4 Marks)
iii. Calculate the mass by volume percent (W/V) of NaCl in sea water. (4 Marks)