or comparing groups in observational and randomized controlled studies, examine Michelle Bachman’s claim about vaccines linked in the video segment:
“There's a woman who came up crying to me tonight after the debate. She said her daughter was given that vaccine (HPV). She told me her daughter suffered mental retardation as a result of that vaccine. There are very dangerous consequences. It's not good enough to take, quote, 'a mulligan' where you want a do-over, not when you have little children's lives at risk.
She told me that her little daughter took that vaccine, that injection, and she suffered from mental retardation thereafter. It can have very dangerous side effects. The mother was crying what she came up to me last night. I didn't know who she was before the debate. This is a very real concern and people have to draw their own conclusions."
Why is this argument a good candidate for a questionable cause fallacy? What is Bachman’s premise? What is her conclusion?