1. (‘JJ) uses a certain machine to produce carjacks. The machine cost the company $90,000 three years ago. The reduced
s ago. The reduced book value now stands at $60,000. A new model of the machine is currently available for $139,350. The new machine has a useful life of five years, at which time it will be sold for $20,000. Using the new machine, the expected unit sales of the car jacks would be 6,000 car jacks per annum. The estimated unit selling price is $35 for the first year. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore, JJ is experiencing labour shortage. JJ will have to transfer workers from another department to the new project. These workers earn a contribution of $2 per direct labour hour in their original department. The fixed overhead cost would be $2.20 per hour and this is expected to remain unchanged. JJ’s products are being sold to a distributor. The sales agreement allows the selling price to rise at the rate of 10 percent per year after the first year. The unit cost price, except for fixed costs, is expected to increase at the same rate as the selling price. Working capital requirements are expected to be $15,000 in the first and second years, increasing to $18,000 in the third year and is expected to remain at this level till the end of the project. All the amounts of working capital will be recovered at the time of project termination. The new project uses cutting-edge technology and so enjoys a tax holiday from the authorities. The drawback of using this high-risk approach is that the new project requires a minimum return of 27 percent per annum. Required: Identify the relevant cash flows for the decision as to whether JJ should proceed to purchase the new machine. Note: To show all workings with accompanying explanations. Word count requirement: 800
2.ssay 1: Person I Admire
This essay assignment is the culmination of all your previous work in this module. You have
in this module. You have already engaged in the beginnings of the writing process of this essay. You have:
Brainstormed ideas (see Chapter 11 in SMG) about the essay in the Discussion Board.
Condensed your ideas down into manageable points around a working thesis.
Displayed knowledge of Description essays from Learning Activities
Drafted a Writing Activity (WA2) about this Description essay.
Consulted with a writing tutor to find areas of strength and areas of improvement.
Finally, you will now compose the final draft of a description essay that:
contains a clear thesis
identifies clear points to support your thesis
engages in critical thought about the subject chosen
uses 2-4 main ideas (points) that support your overall essay thesis
allows you to expand on your chosen topic
This essay assignment represents the first steps in writing any written essay for any academic course. The idea of thesis and support are the cornerstones of all essays. They represent the last part of the writing process. However, you may still revise your essay before final submission. This form of essay writing is the basis for all other academic writing pursuits. This skill translates to almost all careers that require critical thinking, critical reading, and responding in writing. Practicing "how to" write an essay carries over into any field's task of "what" you need to write. This skill will help with all formal writing.
Write a 900-word essay, in MLA format, about a person or fictional character in whom you have an interest.
Select a subject (person or fictional character you admire)
Look to your Discussion (D1) and Writing Activity 2 (WA2) for your subject
The person may be current or historical
Some fictional characters have positive traits that can be identified.
Select several (2-4) traits about the person or character that you admire and write about these. These will be the essay's main ideas.
Biographical information should be used only to support claims.
Your essay should focus on the traits you admire. Do not write a biography or tell a story.
Example of what not to do: This person was born in 1979. They were born in middle Tennessee. They went to elementary school is 1985. They graduated in 1998.
Instead, follow this example: This person was born in middle Tennessee. Entering elementary in school in 1985 was hard for them. They never felt that they belonged in kindergarten. However, they persevered, learning that school was a place for them to grow and be themselves.
Focus on the "why" you admire them instead of a list of traits. In the above example, perseverance and learning to be themselves are the traits the writer of the essay admires.
Organize your main ideas to establish the essay's pattern of organization.
Your main ideas (traits you have chosen) need to be clearly organized.
Decide in what order you wish to discuss these main ideas (traits)
This organization needs to be presented in your introduction, preferably as the last sentence of your introduction in the thesis statement.
Note: your thesis is generally the last sentence in your introduction, but it not a requirement.
Follow this structure throughout the rest of the essay.
Always check to see if your main ideas/topic sentences, in each paragraph, relate back to your thesis statement.
Compose 5 well-developed paragraphs that support a clear thesis statement that is arguable.
5 paragraph minimum
introduces your essay and presents your thesis
three body paragraphs
Each paragraph contains one of your chosen admirable traits about your subject
expressed in a topic sentence in your paragraph
Each trait needs to transition to the next one in the next paragraph
look to your chosen pattern of development
rephrases your traits into one last paragraph
reflects the earlier thesis, but with the knowledge of your traits expressed throughout the essay
This essay is a basic form of an argument essay. The essay should make an argument such as that the person or character selected is worthy of admiration because of the traits selected.
Criteria for Success
A successful essay:
Meets basic requirements of the assignment
Has been written by the student submitting the essay, for this class, and for this semester,
Does not contain plagiarism of any kind
Academic dishonesty is an offense of the NSCC Student Code of Conduct, punishable by a failing grade or zero
Has a clear thesis, main ideas, and pattern of organization
Has been carefully edited and proofread to minimize grammatical and other editing errors
These can be remedied by editing and with Writing Tutor visits and peer reviewing
Follows MLA style and guidelines (spacing, indent, margins, etc. )
The essay will be graded with the Grading Rubric for Essays. Please familiarize yourself with this rubric before you submit your essay. Here is the condensed version of the rubric:
3.students are expected to research and compose a paper based on the application of concepts and theories examined in class.
ies examined in class. This paper is not a literature review, though a literature review is part of your work. As this course takes place in a compressed timeline, I provided some suggestions for research topics. Feel free to use one of these as a springboard or propose your own.
At the end of the second week of class, students submit a three-page research paper prospectus. A research prospectus is a preliminary plan for conducting a study. This is not a detailed and technical research proposal, but rather, an analysis of the issues likely confronted in such a study. In essence, it is a preliminary proposal of work.
Research Paper Prospectus Elements
To complete the Research Paper Prospectus, consider the following elements. While the prospectus is limited to three pages of body content, remember, students must cover each of these areas as relevant to the plan for research:
Research Problem. What is the research problem? A problem is a situation when left untreated, produces a negative consequence for a group, an institution, or a(n) individual(s). What makes it a problem? For whom? Who says so?
Assumptions. On what assumptions is the work based? Which assumptions are verifiable in literature? Which assumptions are speculative?
Theoretical Issues. What theoretical issues arise from the study? For example, "theoretically," how is the problem and suspected results explained to other scholars? Is there a behavior view? A social systems view? Are there other theoretical orientations to consider in the study's design?
Literature Review. What, in general, does the literature say about the topic? While more development is expected for the final paper, a review of major theories, research, and writers in the field is needed.
Research Questions. Based on the problem, what are the research questions to be answered? How and why will answering the questions contribute to solving the research problem? Remember....a research question can only be answered with empirical data or information.
General Research Plan. In general, what research is necessary to answer the research question. What kind of data is needed? Specify the type, such as surveys, observations, or interviews. Who is to be studied and why? How is the data reduced and made sense of? How is the quality of the data assured?
Anticipated Difficulties and Pitfalls. What kind of difficulties and pitfalls are expected in a study of this nature? What can be done to prevent them or minimize their effects?
Anticipated Benefits. Who will benefit from the fact this research is undertaken? How? Why? Who might be disturbed by this proposed study? How? Why?
Paper Format Requirements
The Research Paper Prospectus is presented in standard APA 7 format, with a cover page, running head, body, and references list. The cover page and references do not count toward the three-page requirement. The body uses headers and in-text citations in the manner prescribed by APA. Students should include any references they know at the time they submit the prospectus, though it is expected the references may change or increase in number. Full and complete adherence to APA is required.
As APA format is the rule, remember the formatting rules shown on the Sample Paper (Links to an external site.):
Times New Roman, 12pt
1" margins on all sides
Double spaced, with extra line spaces removed (see below)
Page numbers in the upper right
Two spaces after concluding punctuation
150-250 word abstract with keywords
APA-style in-text citations and quote format. Use the Purdue OWL in-text citation information (Links to an external site.)to help you.
Alphabetical (by author) reference page with correct reference format. DO NOT trust the reference generator in your word processing program. It is WRONG! Use the Purdue OWL references information (Links to an external site.)to correctly structure references and do so manually.
You are asked to carry out a study on behalf of a business analytics specialised consultancy on a subsample
on a subsample of weekly data from Randall’s Supermarket, one of the biggest in the UK. Randall’s marketing management team wishes to identify trends and patterns in a sample of weekly data collected for a number of their loyalty cardholders during a 26-week period. The data includes information on the customers’ gender, age, shopping frequency per week and shopping basket price. Randall’s operates two different types of stores (convenient stores and superstores) but they also sell to customers via an online shopping platform. The collected data are from all three different types of stores. Finally, the data provides information on the consistency of the customer’s shopping basket regarding the type of products purchased. These can vary from value products, to brand as well as the supermarket’s own high-quality product series Randall’s Top. As a business analyst you are required to analyse those data, make any necessary modifications in order to determine whether for any single customer it is possible to predict the value of their shopping basket.
Randall’s marketing management team is only interested in identifying whether the spending of the potential customer will fall in one of three possible groups including:
• Low spender (shopping basket value of £25 or less)
• Medium Spender (shopping basket value between £25.01 and £70) and
• High spenders (shopping basket greater than £70)
For the purpose of your analysis you are provided with the data set Randall’s.xls. You have to decide, which method is appropriate to apply for the problem under consideration and undertake the necessary analysis. Once you have completed this analysis, write a report for the Randall’s marketing management team summarising your findings but also describing all necessary steps undertaken in the analysis. The manager is a competent business analyst himself/herself so the report can include technical terms, although you should not exceed five pages. Screenshots and supporting materials can be included in the appendix.
After completing your analysis, you should submit a report that consists of two parts. Part A being a non-technical summary of your findings and Part B a detailed report of the analysis undertaken with more details.
Part A: A short report for the Head of Randall’s Marketing Management (20 per cent). This should briefly explain the aim of the project, a clear summary and justification of the methods considered as well as an overview of the results.
Although, the Head of Randall’s Marketing Management team who will receive this summary is a competent business analytics practitioner, the majority of the other team members have little knowledge of statistical modelling and want to know nothing about the technical and statistical underpinning of the techniques used in this analysis. This report should be no more than two sides of A4 including graphs, tables, etc. In this report you should include all the objectives of this analysis, summary of data and results as well as your recommendations (if any).
Part B: A technical report on the various stages of the analysis (80 per cent).
The analysis should be carried out using the range of analytics tools discussed:
• SPSS Statistics
Ensure that the exercise references:
• Binary and multinomial logistic regression
• Linear vs Logistic regression
• Logit Model with odds Ratio
• Co-efficients and Chi Squared
• MLR co-efficients
• Assessing usefulness of MLR model
• Interpreting a model
• Assessing over-all model fit with Psuedo R-Squared measures
• Classification accuracy (Hit Ratio)
• Wald Statistic
• Odd ratio exp(B)
• Ratio of the probability of an event happening vs not happening
• Ratio of the odds after a unit change in the predictor to the original odds
• Residuals analysis
• Cook’s distance
• Adequacy (with variance inflation factor VIF and tolerance statistic)
• Outliers and influential points cannot just be removed. We need to check them (typo? – unusual data?)
• Check for multicollinearity
Write a short and concise report to explain the technical detail of what you have done for each step of the analysis.
The report should also cover the following information:
• Any type of analysis that might be useful and check whether the main assumptions behind the analyses do not hold or cannot be
• Give evidence of the understanding of the statistical tools that you are using. For example, comment on the model selection procedure and the coefficient interpretation, e.g. comment on the interpretation of the logistic regression coefficients if such a method is used and provide an example of
• Conclusions and explanation, in non-technical terms, of the main points