languages in computer science

Ten most common languages in computer science

Right now you’re reading this in English. But do you know that teaching the computer how to convey the blog post to you, involved several processes? And to teach the computer to follow our commands, we have several languages. These languages help us perform tasks using computers like building websites, creating apps, analyzing data, etc. While there are dozens of computer science languages, in this article, we shall focus on the top 10. We will try to understand the usage, benefits, and shortcomings of each of them.


Python is one of the most popular and simple high-level programming languages. It has a simple syntax that makes it easy to interpret and work with it. This open-source programming language becomes easier to learn with the support of the online community. It is great for exercising problem-solving skills for various web and app-related issues.

Uses: You can learn python if you’re interested in building websites, games, etc.


Did you know that over 3 billion device users run applications that are built on Java? Yes, it is that popular. The reason for that is its “Write Once, Run Anywhere” style of work. This implies that once the app is built, you can use it on any device. It may seem complex to learn for many beginners but has huge demand.

Uses: Creating interactive business apps, especially on Android, etc.


JavaScript is a client-side programming language that has a key role in developing the internet world. Knowledge of languages like HTML and CSS helps in working with JavaScript. 

Uses: It is used mostly for making web pages dynamic, inserting widgets, tracking user activity, etc.


C is a structured language used to operate low-level applications. In fact, many of the other languages like C++, Java, and Python are based on C. Learning C may be easy because of limited keywords, but coding in it can be difficult.

Uses: It is mostly used for programming hardware such as embedded automobile devices, fitness bands, etc., and developing operating systems.


C++ is an extension of C, and a general-purpose programming language. Many computer programming students choose to skip learning C, and directly learn C++ as it can help compile most of the C programs without change in the line of source code.

Uses: It has been used to develop operating systems, games, mathematical simulations, etc.


PHP is a server-side scripting language with wide usage among the community of programmers and developers. It is an abbreviation for  “Hypertext Preprocessor” and is an interpreted language.

Uses: With PHP, you can do both – Server-Side Scripting, and Command-Line Scripting. Besides, it has come to be used for dynamic web development too.


Ruby is an open-source scripting language with object-orientation. It works on the web-application framework called Ruby on Rails but can be used without it as well. It comes with many built-in plug-ins that save the programmers a lot of time and money.

Uses: Ruby is used mostly for building simulations, web app development, robotics, system security, etc.


Go is a relatively new programming language that is fainting traction among the programmers who work on large projects and in IT companies. If you have knowledge of another programming language already, Go can be a helpful addition to your skill base. 

Uses: It is commonly used to function with Google applications, given that it is made by Google. Besides, it is useful when many users need to communicate while working together.


C#, or C-sharp is a language popular with Microsoft developers. It mostly works on Microsoft’s .NET framework. It was developed to take over the C in a much more secure and faster way. 

Uses: It is used mostly for operating Microsoft and Windows apps. Apps using the .NET framework can also take the help of C#.


R is the most popular computer programming language for statistical compilations. Most of the apps that are built on R can process structured as well as unstructured data. The vast active online community of R makes it easy to get support with this language.

Uses: R is used primarily for analytics, and data structure.

Clearly, there are so many computer science languages, that it is easy to be in split minds over which one to learn. You can definitely learn more than one. To help you choose the one ideal for you based on your strengths and goals, TutorEye’s computer science tutors can help you. Moreover, if you have any queries about learning any of these languages, or need quick support on a project, our tutors can support you 24/7. Design your learning path yourself with able assistance from world-class tutors today!

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