2.Part I. Reaction Paper
Read and understand the text below. Follow outline in writing your reaction paper at least 250-750
paper at least 250-750 words.
2. Thesis Statement
3. Supporting details
The Digital Divide: The Challenge of Technology and Equity
(1) Information technology is influence the way many of us live and work today. We use the internet to look and apply for jobs, shop, conduct research, make airline reservations, and explore areas of interest. We use Email and internet to communicate instantaneously with friends and business associates around the world. Computers are commonplace in homes and the workplace.
(2) Although the number of internet users is growing exponentially each year, most of the worlds population does not have access to computers of the internet. Only 6 percent of the population in the developing countries are connected to telephones. Although more than 94 percent of U.S households have telephones, only 56 percent
have personal computers at home and 50 percent have internet access. The lack of what most of us would consider a basic communication necessity the telephone does not occur just in developing nations. On some Native American reservations only 60 percent of the residents have a telephone. The move to wireless connectivity may eliminate the need for telephone lines, but it does not remove the barrier to equipment costs.
(3) Who has internet access? The digital divide between the populations who have access to the internet and information technology tools and those who dont is based on income, race, education, household type, and geographic location, but the gap between groups is narrowing. Eighty-five percent of households with an income
over $75,000 have internet access, compared with less than 20 percent of the households with income under $15,000. Over 80 percent of college graduates use the internet as compared with 40 percent of high school completers and 13 percent of high school dropouts. Seventy-two percent of household with two parents have internet access; 40 percent of female, single parent households do. Differences are also found among households and families from different racial and ethnic groups. Fifty-five percent of white households, 31 percent of black households, 32 percent of Latino households, 68 percent of Asian or Pacific Islander households, and 39 percent of American Indian, Eskimos, or Aleut households have access to the internet. The number of internet users who are children under nine years old and persons over fifty has more than triple since 1997. Households in inner cities are less likely to have computers and internet access than those in urban and rural areas, but the differences are no more than 6 percent.
(4) Another problem that exacerbates these disparities is that African-American, Latinos, and Native Americans hold few of the jobs in information technology. Women about 20 percent of these jobs and receiving fewer than 30 percent of the Bachelors degrees in computer and information science. The result is that women and members of the most oppressed ethnic group are not eligible for the jobs with the highest salaries at graduation. Baccalaureate candidates with degree in computer science were offered the highest salaries of all new college graduates.
(5) Do similar disparities exist in schools? Ninety-eight percent of schools in the country are wired with at least one internet connection. The number of classrooms with internet connection differs by the income level of students. Using the percentage of students who are eligible for free lunches at a school to determine income level, we see that the higher percentage of the schools with more affluent students have wired classrooms than those with high concentrations of low-income students.
(6) Access to computers and the internet will be important in reducing disparities between groups. It will require higher equality across diverse groups whose members develop knowledge and skills in computer and information technologies. The field today is overrepresented by white males. If computers and the internet are to be used to promote equality, they have to become accessible to schools cannot currently afford the equipment which needs to be updated regularly every three years or so. However, access alone is not enough; Students will have to be interacting with the technology in authentic settings. As technology has become a tool for learning in almost all courses taken by students, it will be seen as a means to an end rather than an end in itself. If it is used in culturally relevant ways, all students can benefit from its power.
3.THINK: WHAT NEW LIT THEORY LENS DO YOU THINK SHOULD EXIST?
When preparing for this assignment, ask yourself the following
yourself the following to start planning your new theory:
Is there a theory we studied that you disagree with? What about it do you dislike or wish to change? Why?
Which theory would you want to expand further or alter to make it more inclusive of a certain group/culture/trend etc.?
What topics in the media angers/upsets/excites/confuses you the most?
While reading The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks and/or an essay from The Anthropocene Reviewed, were you particularly drawn to certain events/characters/settings/symbols etc.?
What is your favourite genre of media? (i.e. novels, films, short stories/films, articles, TV shows, poetry, advertising, social media etc.)
CREATE: Now use your brainstorming and knowledge of literary theories to create a new school of literary criticism and apply it to either Henrietta Lacks OR The Anthropocene Reviewed, and one other text of your choice.
PRESENT: Design and create a multimedia presentation that incorporates words and images/graphics presenting your new theory.
What kind of multimedia presentation should I create? E.g. a slideshow of 10-15 slides, a video no longer than 2 minutes, an infographic, an annotated painting/graphic design, magazine article/issue
Your multimedia presentation must include the following:
a unique name for your new theory
a brief definition for your theory - types of questions to ask yourself when using your lens
a brief rationale statement for your theory (rationale is basically why you believe this theory needs to exist and how it was inspired)
an application of your theory to any piece of literature (novel, play, short story, fairy tale) or alternate media text (TV show, comic, advertisement, painting, film clip) **Note: You will have to summarize/introduce your choice of text (e.g. film clip, fairy tale, comic, painting etc.) before you apply your theory
an application of your theory to one passage approx. 250 words long from The Great Gatsby. (not the passage you chose from Lit Theory Assignment #1)
Complete the “Student Comments” part of the rubric (see below) evaluating your final piece
Check out some Level 4 examples to get an idea of what a new theory and its application could look like for student selected texts.
You will upload your final presentation to GC on the due date as shown on the class calendar. You will NOT have to present your final product to the class.
4.This first part of the Individual Research Project is an Outline and Annotated Bibliography. The
Outline should provide a very brief
tline should provide a very brief overview of what you think you will do in the Policy Brief.
The Annotated Bibliography requires you to summarize at least three peer-reviewed scholarly
sources you will cite in the Policy Brief.
This assignment is designed to get you thinking about your topic in a way that clearly anticipates
the writing you will do for the Policy Brief. We want you to brainstorm and do a bit of research
well in advance of the deadline for the Policy Brief and, most importantly, we want you to put
your ideas down on paper so that we can give you feedback before writing the actual Policy
Brief. In other words, we are asking you to submit an Outline and Annotated Bibliography so
that we can help you write the best Policy Brief possible.
Your Outline should be divided into the following five sections and should be written in
I. Audience: Identify the audience you are addressing and consider what that audience
is interested in. Who are you talking to in the Policy Brief and what does this suggest
about the approach you should take? (75-100 words).
II. Problem: State how you know the issue exists. What is the proof that students need
to improve this skill? (125-150 words).
III. Importance of Problem: Indicate why this problem matters. What are the
consequences of the problem not being addressed? Why do students need to improve
this skill? (100 words)
IV. Solution: Identify your preferred solution. What solution will work in your context
and why? (75-100 words)
V. Alternative Solution: Identify at least one other possible solution. What other
solutions did you consider? (75-100 words)
The total length of the Outline should be between 450 and 550 words.
When you submit your Outline, you must also include an Annotated Bibliography. An Annotated
Bibliography is an alphabetical list of research sources that provides bibliographical data (the
title, author, date, publisher, etc.) and a short summary or annotation of the source.
Your Annotated Bibliography should contain a minimum of three scholarly or peer-reviewed
sources, each with an accompanying annotation that is between 150 and 250 words long. The
annotations must summarize the research question or thesis, research methodology, results, and
conclusion. Annotations must include summaries and paraphrased information, NOT quotations.
A good annotation will include two separate paragraphs: 1) a paragraph summarizing the
research question or thesis, research methodology, results and conclusion; and 2) a paragraph
commenting on why this source is relevant for your research.
5.ssay 1: Person I Admire
This essay assignment is the culmination of all your previous work in this module. You have
in this module. You have already engaged in the beginnings of the writing process of this essay. You have:
Brainstormed ideas (see Chapter 11 in SMG) about the essay in the Discussion Board.
Condensed your ideas down into manageable points around a working thesis.
Displayed knowledge of Description essays from Learning Activities
Drafted a Writing Activity (WA2) about this Description essay.
Consulted with a writing tutor to find areas of strength and areas of improvement.
Finally, you will now compose the final draft of a description essay that:
contains a clear thesis
identifies clear points to support your thesis
engages in critical thought about the subject chosen
uses 2-4 main ideas (points) that support your overall essay thesis
allows you to expand on your chosen topic
This essay assignment represents the first steps in writing any written essay for any academic course. The idea of thesis and support are the cornerstones of all essays. They represent the last part of the writing process. However, you may still revise your essay before final submission. This form of essay writing is the basis for all other academic writing pursuits. This skill translates to almost all careers that require critical thinking, critical reading, and responding in writing. Practicing "how to" write an essay carries over into any field's task of "what" you need to write. This skill will help with all formal writing.
Write a 900-word essay, in MLA format, about a person or fictional character in whom you have an interest.
Select a subject (person or fictional character you admire)
Look to your Discussion (D1) and Writing Activity 2 (WA2) for your subject
The person may be current or historical
Some fictional characters have positive traits that can be identified.
Select several (2-4) traits about the person or character that you admire and write about these. These will be the essay's main ideas.
Biographical information should be used only to support claims.
Your essay should focus on the traits you admire. Do not write a biography or tell a story.
Example of what not to do: This person was born in 1979. They were born in middle Tennessee. They went to elementary school is 1985. They graduated in 1998.
Instead, follow this example: This person was born in middle Tennessee. Entering elementary in school in 1985 was hard for them. They never felt that they belonged in kindergarten. However, they persevered, learning that school was a place for them to grow and be themselves.
Focus on the "why" you admire them instead of a list of traits. In the above example, perseverance and learning to be themselves are the traits the writer of the essay admires.
Organize your main ideas to establish the essay's pattern of organization.
Your main ideas (traits you have chosen) need to be clearly organized.
Decide in what order you wish to discuss these main ideas (traits)
This organization needs to be presented in your introduction, preferably as the last sentence of your introduction in the thesis statement.
Note: your thesis is generally the last sentence in your introduction, but it not a requirement.
Follow this structure throughout the rest of the essay.
Always check to see if your main ideas/topic sentences, in each paragraph, relate back to your thesis statement.
Compose 5 well-developed paragraphs that support a clear thesis statement that is arguable.
5 paragraph minimum
introduces your essay and presents your thesis
three body paragraphs
Each paragraph contains one of your chosen admirable traits about your subject
expressed in a topic sentence in your paragraph
Each trait needs to transition to the next one in the next paragraph
look to your chosen pattern of development
rephrases your traits into one last paragraph
reflects the earlier thesis, but with the knowledge of your traits expressed throughout the essay
This essay is a basic form of an argument essay. The essay should make an argument such as that the person or character selected is worthy of admiration because of the traits selected.
Criteria for Success
A successful essay:
Meets basic requirements of the assignment
Has been written by the student submitting the essay, for this class, and for this semester,
Does not contain plagiarism of any kind
Academic dishonesty is an offense of the NSCC Student Code of Conduct, punishable by a failing grade or zero
Has a clear thesis, main ideas, and pattern of organization
Has been carefully edited and proofread to minimize grammatical and other editing errors
These can be remedied by editing and with Writing Tutor visits and peer reviewing
Follows MLA style and guidelines (spacing, indent, margins, etc. )
The essay will be graded with the Grading Rubric for Essays. Please familiarize yourself with this rubric before you submit your essay. Here is the condensed version of the rubric:
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7.students are expected to research and compose a paper based on the application of concepts and theories examined in class.
ies examined in class. This paper is not a literature review, though a literature review is part of your work. As this course takes place in a compressed timeline, I provided some suggestions for research topics. Feel free to use one of these as a springboard or propose your own.
At the end of the second week of class, students submit a three-page research paper prospectus. A research prospectus is a preliminary plan for conducting a study. This is not a detailed and technical research proposal, but rather, an analysis of the issues likely confronted in such a study. In essence, it is a preliminary proposal of work.
Research Paper Prospectus Elements
To complete the Research Paper Prospectus, consider the following elements. While the prospectus is limited to three pages of body content, remember, students must cover each of these areas as relevant to the plan for research:
Research Problem. What is the research problem? A problem is a situation when left untreated, produces a negative consequence for a group, an institution, or a(n) individual(s). What makes it a problem? For whom? Who says so?
Assumptions. On what assumptions is the work based? Which assumptions are verifiable in literature? Which assumptions are speculative?
Theoretical Issues. What theoretical issues arise from the study? For example, "theoretically," how is the problem and suspected results explained to other scholars? Is there a behavior view? A social systems view? Are there other theoretical orientations to consider in the study's design?
Literature Review. What, in general, does the literature say about the topic? While more development is expected for the final paper, a review of major theories, research, and writers in the field is needed.
Research Questions. Based on the problem, what are the research questions to be answered? How and why will answering the questions contribute to solving the research problem? Remember....a research question can only be answered with empirical data or information.
General Research Plan. In general, what research is necessary to answer the research question. What kind of data is needed? Specify the type, such as surveys, observations, or interviews. Who is to be studied and why? How is the data reduced and made sense of? How is the quality of the data assured?
Anticipated Difficulties and Pitfalls. What kind of difficulties and pitfalls are expected in a study of this nature? What can be done to prevent them or minimize their effects?
Anticipated Benefits. Who will benefit from the fact this research is undertaken? How? Why? Who might be disturbed by this proposed study? How? Why?
Paper Format Requirements
The Research Paper Prospectus is presented in standard APA 7 format, with a cover page, running head, body, and references list. The cover page and references do not count toward the three-page requirement. The body uses headers and in-text citations in the manner prescribed by APA. Students should include any references they know at the time they submit the prospectus, though it is expected the references may change or increase in number. Full and complete adherence to APA is required.
As APA format is the rule, remember the formatting rules shown on the Sample Paper (Links to an external site.):
Times New Roman, 12pt
1" margins on all sides
Double spaced, with extra line spaces removed (see below)
Page numbers in the upper right
Two spaces after concluding punctuation
150-250 word abstract with keywords
APA-style in-text citations and quote format. Use the Purdue OWL in-text citation information (Links to an external site.)to help you.
Alphabetical (by author) reference page with correct reference format. DO NOT trust the reference generator in your word processing program. It is WRONG! Use the Purdue OWL references information (Links to an external site.)to correctly structure references and do so manually.
8.Directions: You are part of a fireworks crew assembling a local fireworks display.
There are two parts to the fireworks platforms:
rts to the fireworks platforms: one part is on the ground and the
other part is on top of a building. You are going to graph all of your results on one
coordinate plane. Make sure to label each graph with its equation. Use the following
equations to assist with this assignment.
• The function for objects dropped from a height where t is the time in
seconds, h is the height in feet at time it t, and 0 h is the initial height is
0 ht t h ( ) 16 =− + .
• The function for objects that are launched where t is the time in seconds, h is
the height in feet at time t, 0 h is the initial height, and 0 v is the initial velocity
in feet per second is 2
0 0 ht t vt h ( ) 16 =− + + .
Select the link below to access centimeter grid paper for your portfolio.
Centimeter Grid Paper
First, conduct some research to help you with later portions of this portfolio
• Find a local building and estimate its height. How tall do you think the
• Use the Internet to find some initial velocities for different types of fireworks.
What are some of the initial velocities that you found?
Respond to the following items.
1. While setting up a fireworks display, you have a tool at the top of the
building and need to drop it to a coworker below.
a. How long will it take the tool to fall to the ground? (Hint: use the first
equation that you were given above, 2
0 ht t h ( ) 16 =− + . For the building’s
height, use the height of the building that you estimated in Task 1.)
b. Draw a graph that represents the path of this tool falling to the
ground. Be sure to label your axes with a title and a scale. Your graph
should show the height of the tool, h, after t seconds have passed.
Label this line “Tool”.