2.AP Chem AB FRQ
A sample consisting of 50. mL of 0.400 M solution of the acid, HClO4, is titrated
titrated with a 0.200 M solution of the base, LiOH.
Write the balanced chemical reaction for neutralization reaction:
HClO4 (aq) + LiOH (aq) → LiClO4 (aq) + H2O (l)
Write the NET ionic equation for the neutralization reaction.
OH⁻ (aq) + H⁺ (aq) → H2O (l)
Compute the pH of the titration solution. Show your work
i) before any of the base is added
ii) after 25. mL of base is added
iii) after 50. mL of base is added
A student performs the titration with the same chemicals but with smaller volumes of each chemical . Which of the following titration curves could represent the titration. Explain
A because this entails a strong acid and a strong base.
A student performs a titration of an unknown acid with a strong base and gets the following titration curve:
a) The student consults the list of pKa of acids shown below. If the acid is listed in the table below, which is the most likely identity of the unknown acid? Explain.
7.2 x 10-4
1.8 x 10-5
4.3 x 10-7
2.0 x 10-9
The unknown acid is HBrO because the calculated Ka is in between 50^-4 and 50^-6 and 2.0 x 10^-9 lies in between them.
b) What is the initial molarity of the acid?
10^-3 = 0.001M
a) Describe the components and the composition of an effective buffer solution. Explain how the components of the buffer allow the buffer to maintain its pH.
An effective buffer solution has a weak acid and its conjugate base or a weak base and its conjugate acid. A buffer solution is most effective when the ratio of its component concentrations is close to 1, also when the pH is equal to the pka of the acid.; The components of the buffer allow the buffer to maintain its pH because buffers can absorb excess H+ions or OH– ions.
An employer is interviewing four applicants for a job as a laboratory technician and asks each how to prepare a buffer solution with a pH of 5.0. The following constants may be helpful: hydrazoic acid, pKa = 4.74 Boric acid, pKa = 9.23
Archita A. says she would mix equal molar solutions of hydrazoic (HN3) and sodium azide (NaN3) solutions.
Bradley B. says she would mix equimolar Boric acid (H3BO3) and HCl solutions.
Carlos C. says he would mix equimolar Boric Acid (H3BO3) and sodium dihydrogen borate (NaH2BO3) solutions.
Delia D. says he would mix equimolar hydrazoic Acid (HN3) and NaOH solutions.
b) Which of these applicants has given an appropriate procedure? Explain your answer
Delia because she is using Sodium hydroxide which results in a pH of 5. NaOH is a strong base and in order to have an effective buffer a weak acid must be incorporated which is the HN3.
c) Explain what is wrong with the erroneous procedures.
The rest all incorporate a strong acid and a strong base or a weak acid and a weak base which don’ result in an effective buffer.
d) The applicants have access to the 1 Liter volumes of each of the solutions listed above. They have access to graduated cylinders. In order to make 1.0 Liter of the correct 5.0 buffer solution, what volumes of the two chemicals must be mixed?
3.Can domestic dogs understand human body cues such as leaning? The experimenter leaned toward one of two objects and recorded
two objects and recorded whether or not the dog being tested correctly chose the object indicated. A four-year-old male beagle named Augie participated in this study. He chose the correct object 42 out of 70 times when the experimenter leaned towards the correct object.
(a) (2 points) Let the parameter of interest, π, represent the probability that the long-run probability that Augie chooses correctly. Researches are interested to see if Augie understands human body cues (better than gussing).
Fill in the blanks for the null and alternative hypotheses.
H0 : Ha :
(b) (6 points) Based on the above context, conduct a test of significance to determine the p-value to investigate if domestic dogs understand human body cues. What conclusion will you draw with significance level of 10%? (If you use an applet, please specify which applet you use, and the inputs.)
(c) (5 points) Based on the above context, conduct a test of significance to determine the p-value to investigate if domestic dogs understand human body cues. What conclusion will you draw with significance level of 5%? (If you use an applet, please specify which applet you use, and the inputs.)
(d) (2 points) Are your conclusions from part (b) and (c) the same? If they are different, please provide an explanation.
(e) (5 points) Shown below is a dotplot from a simulation of 100 sample proportions under the assump- tion that the long-run probability that Augie chooses correct is 0.50. Based on this dotplot, would a 90% confidence interval for π contain the value 0.5? Explain your answer.
(f) (4 points) Compute the standard error of the sample proportion of times that Augie chose the object correctly.
(g) (5 points)
(h) (3 points) question?
(i) (4 points)
(j) (4 points) A.
Construct an approximate 95% confidence interval for π using the 2SD method. What is the margin of error of the confidence interval that you found in the previous
How would you interpret the confidence interval that you found in part (g)?
Which of the following is a correct interpretation of the 95% confidence level?
If Augie repeats this process many times, then about 95% of the intervals produced will capture the true proportion of times of choosing the correct objective.
About 95% times Augie chooses the correct objective.
If Augie repeats this process and constructs 20 intervals from separate independent sam- ples, we can expect about 19 of those intervals to contain the true proportion Augie chooses the correct objective.
(k) (4 points)
object 21 out of 35 times.
Conjecture how, if at all, the center and the width of a 99% confidence interval would change with these data, compared to the original 2SD 95% confidence interval.
The center of the confidence interval would . The width of the confidence interval would .
(l) (4 points) Suppose that we repeated the same study with Augie, and this time he chose the correct object 17 out of 35 times, and we also change the confidence level from 95% to 99%. Conjecture how, if at all, the center and the width of a 99% confidence interval would change with these data, compared to the original 2SD 95% confidence interval.
Suppose that we repeated the same study with Augie, and this time he chose the correct
The center of the confidence interval would The width of the confidence interval would
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1. Which best describes the difference between single cell and multicellular organisms? *
a. Single-cell organisms can perform all processes in one cell, but multicellular organisms need many cells to do specialized functions together.
b. Single-cell organisms need one cell to function, but multicellular organisms need lots of cells who all have the same job.
c. Single-cell organisms need many cells to do specialized functions together, but multicellular organisms can perform all processes in one cell.
d. Single-cell organisms need multiple cells with similar structures, but multicellular organisms need only one cell.
2. How does your brain move your arm? *
a. The brain sends a message to your bones to move your arm
b. The brain sends a message to your nerves to move your arm
c. The lungs send a message to your muscles
d. The muscles send a message to your brain
3. Which correctly explains the difference between the respiratory and circulatory system? *
a. The respiratory system includes your lungs and the circulatory system includes your heart
b. The respiratory system takes in oxygen and the circulatory system breaks down food
c. The respiratory system takes in water and carbon dioxide, but the circulatory system does not
d. The respiratory system includes the brain and the circulatory system includes to lungs
4. Which of the following is a learned behavior? *
a. Dimples when you smile
b. Ability to sing
d. Hair color
5. These are all examples of: *
6. Which of these does NOT make a new material? *
a. Burning a wooden log
b. Iron nail rusitng
c. Ice melting
d. Mysterious color change
Explain why: *
This is a required question
7. What would you want to put your drink it to keep it cold? *
Metal (good conductor)
Plastic (bad conductor)
Explain why: *
8. How does the sun play a role in the water cycle? *
a. Heats water and turns it into water vapor gas
b. Cools gas to make water droplets and clouds
c. Creates strong winds
d. Causing it to rain
9. What will happen when a metal chair is left outside in the hot sun? *
a. Increase in weight
b. Decrease in weight
c. Increase in size
d. Decrease in size
10. What would the weight of the lemonade be if the water is 3.0 grams, the ice is 2.5 grams, and the mixture is 0.25 grams? *
a. 5.75 g
b. 5 g
c. 6.25 g
d. 10.1 g
5.ou are a consultant who works for the Diligent Consulting Group. In this Case, you are engaged on a consulting
consulting basis by Loving Organic Foods. In order to get a better idea of what might have motivated customers’ buying habits you are asked to analyze the ages of the customers who have purchased organic foods over the past 3 months. Past research done by the Diligent Consulting Group has shown that different age groups buy certain products for different reasons. Loving Organic Foods has sent a survey to 200 customers who have previously purchased organic foods, and 124 customers have responded. The survey includes age data of past customers who purchased organic foods in the previous quarter.
Using Excel, create a frequency distribution (histogram) of the age data that was captured from the survey. You should consider the width of the age categories (e.g., 5 years, 10 years, or other). That is, which age category grouping provides the most useful information? Once you have created this histogram, determine the mean, median, and mode.
After you have reviewed the data, write a report to your boss that briefly describes the results that you obtained. Make a recommendation on how this data might be used for marketing purposes. Be sure to conduct adequate research on organic foods industry, organic market analysis, and healthy food industry using IBISWorld database or other databases such as Business Source Complete (EBSCO) and Business Source Complete - Business Searching Interface in our online library. Provide a brief description on the industry background and the consumer changing attitudes and behavior toward healthy lifestyles. Also identify the customer demographics of organic food industry and explain how the customers of Loving Organic Foods are different from this target market.
Data: Download the Excel-based data file with the age data of the 124 customers: Data chart for BUS520 Module 1 Case. Use these data in Excel to create your histogram.
Complete analysis in Excel using the Histogram function. Please watch the following video which covers how to create a histogram in Excel: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GL91GrVf3EY
If you are not so familiar with Excel, refer to the following link on Excel training videos: https://support.office.com/en-us/article/Excel-training-9bc05390-e94c-46af-a5b3-d7c22f6990bb?ui=en-US&rs=en-US&ad=US
Check the professional market research reports from the IBISWorld database to conduct the industry analysis. IBISWorld can be accessed in the Trident Online Library.
IBISWorld Overview (n.d.). IBISWorld, Inc., New York, NY.
IBISWorld Forecast (n.d.). IBISWorld, Inc., New York, NY.
IBISWorld Data and Sources (n.d.). IBISWorld, Inc., New York, NY.
IBISWorld Navigation Tips (n.d.). IBISWorld, Inc., New York, NY.
Length requirements: 4–5 pages minimum (not including Cover and Reference pages). NOTE: You must submit 4–5 pages of written discussion and analysis. This means that you should avoid use of tables and charts as “space fillers.”
Provide a brief introduction to/background of the problem.
Provide a brief description of organic food industry and target market characteristics such as their demographics, lifestyles and shopping behaviors.
Provide a written analysis that supports your Histogram age groups (bins).
Based on your analysis of the histogram data, provide complete and meaningful recommendations as the data relates to Loving Organic Foods’s marketing strategy.
Write clearly, simply, and logically. Use double-spaced, black Verdana or Times Roman font in 12 pt. type size.
Have an introduction at the beginning to introduce the topics and use keywords as headings to organize the report.
Avoid redundancy and general statements such as "All organizations exist to make a profit." Make every sentence count.
Paraphrase the facts using your own words and ideas, employing quotes sparingly. Quotes, if absolutely necessary, should rarely exceed five words.
Upload both your written report and Excel file to the case 1 Dropbox.
6.You are given a set of five and a set of seven contiguous boxes as shown in the figures above.
task is to move all the reds from the left to the right and all the blacks from the right to the left. The middlebox is empty to allow moves.
The moves follow strict rules.
Rule # 1: the reds can only move to the right and the blacks can only move to the left. No backward moves are allowed
Rule # 2: Equally applicable to the black and the reds, each dot can only move one step forward in the box in front of it is empty, and can skip the contiguous box is occupied by a different colored dot to the following box if empty.
While moving your pieces, carefully record all the moves you made. Start first with the 5-boxes set, then the 7-boxes set
Try the same rules for a 9-boxes set and then for an 11-boxes set. Record all your moves on paper
Examine all four cases and find a pattern that relates the number of moves to the number of dots. Explain how you arrived at this conclusion
Create a general formula that will give the number of moves based on the number of dots regardless of how many dots you have.
8.Professor Maya was interested in maximizing student learning in all her classes. She decided the best way to do that
t way to do that would be to investigate her students’ test performance in a number of ways.
The first thing she did was separate her students’ test scores based on the time of day she held her lectures (morning vs evening). Next she recorded the type of test students were writing (multiple choice vs short answer). She selected a random sample of students from her morning (n = 6) and evening (n = 7) classes (total of 13) and recorded scores from two of their tests as shown below.
DATA Set 1:
Good morning sunshine. Is Time of Day important?
1. Prof. Maya recently read an article that concluded students retained more information when attending classes in the morning. Based on this finding she thought students in her morning class might have performed differently on their Short Answer test scores when compared to students in her evening class. Does the data support her hypothesis? [15 points]
Multiple Guess! Does Exam Type matter?
2. Prof. Maya also knew that students often did better on multiple-choice tests because they only have to recognize the information (rather than recall it). Given this, she thought students attending the morning class might perform differently on the Multiple-Choice test when compared to the Short Answer test. Does the data support her hypothesis? [15 points]
DATA Set 2:
We’ll try anything once. Does the new Tutorial Plan work?
3. Combining all of her students (and ignoring time of day), Prof. Maya asked her TAs to try a new – and very expensive - tutorial study plan. She then chose a random sample of 20 students to receive the new study plan and another sample of 30 to continue using the old study plan. Following an in-class quiz, she divided the students into 3 levels of achievement (below average, average, and above average), and then created the frequency table below. Does the new expensive tutorial study plan improve student performance? [15 points]
DATA Set 3:
How are YOU doing?
4. Finally, Prof. Maya thinks that her 2018 class is doing better than her 2017 class did. She decided to collect a sample of test scores from the students in her course this year (combining all of the groups) and compare the average with her previous year’s class average. Does the data support her hypothesis? [15 points]
The 2017 class average = 63%
The 2018 sample size = 25
The 2018 sample standard deviation = 11
The 2018 sample average = use your actual midterm mark (yes, you the student reading this :)
Bonus: What does it all mean?
5. Bonus: IF Prof. Maya had complete control of how and when she ran her course in 2018, considering all the info you just found in the 3 data sets, write a brief statement of how you would recommend she set-up the course next year – and explain why. [5 points]