Carbohydrates are the most abundant compounds on earth. They are made up of polyhydroxy ketones and aldehydes. They are three types.
Monosaccharides: They are simple carbohydrates.
Oligosaccharides: They are made up of two to ten monosaccharide units.
Polysaccharides: They are made up of hundreds and thousands of monosaccharides units.
The main source of carbohydrates is glucose that is used by the body to get energy. Glucose is stored in the body in the form of glycogen. They are found in milk, fruits, and vegetables. Glucose is used by each and every cell of the body and with the help of oxygen, it is oxidized and leads to the production of ATP and carbon dioxide. That ATP is used to perform various body functions.
Refined carbohydrates are not good for health they do not contain essential components. Eating a high concentration of sugar increase the risk of heart disease and diabetes. the unprocessed carbohydrates also fluctuate insulin levels.