Pathologies means the disease and infections associated with the respiratory system because of viral and bacterial infections. An example is the influenza virus causes Flu ( cause fever and muscle pain) and it is contagious.
Question 1: Chickenpox is caused by which virus?
Answer: Varicella-zoster virus.
Explanation: Chickenpox affects the lungs in adults so decreasing its efficiency to take up oxygen, so there is an oxygen deficiency in blood because of this disease in humans.
Question 2: Which virus is responsible for whooping cough?
Answer: Bordetella pertussis.
Explanation: This disease affects the respiratory system and causes serious illness in the lungs and it is a contagious disease spread from one person to another.
Question 3: Pneumonia is a viral infection or a bacterial infection?
Answer: Bacterial infection.
Explanation: Pneumonia is caused by bacteria streptococcus pneumonia. In this disease, mucous starts depositing in the lungs and thus causes pain in the chest, fever, and problems in breathing.
Question 4: What is Pulmonary Tuberculosis?
Answer: It is a disease called TB.
Explanation: In this disease, extensive coughing occurs and it spread from one person to another and is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Question 5: Which bacteria is responsible for causing Q-fever.
Answer: Coxiella burnetii.
Explanation: This disease is mainly spread in European countries and it transmits from farm animals mainly sheep and cattle to humans.
Question 6: Which chronic lung disease is caused by allergic reactions in the body?
Explanation: Asthma is caused by various allergic particles inhaled from outside like pollen and other particles. This causes inflammation in the lungs and asthma is caused by this.
Question 7: Which type of fever is associated with respiratory disease?
Answer: Hay Fever.
Explanation: Hay fever is caused because of an allergy to grasses and pollen, which causes inflammation in nasal passages and is associated with asthma as well.
Question 8: What is the reason for Acute bronchitis disease in humans?
Answer: Viral infection.
Explanation: In this disease, acute congestion occurs in bronchi, and inhalation of various types of irritant gases can worsen the situation such as ammonia and chlorine.
Question 9: Measles is caused by which virus?
Explanation: It is a respiratory disease and contagious in nature and causes inflammation in the nose and throat. Symptoms are fever and cough.
Question 10: Which virus is responsible for bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children up to age 1 year and older people?
Answer: Respiratory syncytial virus ( RSV).
Explanation: This disease has the same symptoms as coronavirus such as cold, fever, and difficulty in breathing. It causes pneumonia and inflammation as well.