The organic compounds that are composed of C and H mainly are called hydrocarbons. These compounds may have other atoms like O, S, N along with C and H atoms.
The atom or group of atoms that is responsible for certain physical and chemical properties is called a functional group in organic chemistry. The presence of functional groups added unique characteristics in the chemical compound. Some common examples of functional groups are -COOH, -OH, -Cl, >C=O etc. The IUPAC name of organic compounds can be written with the help of a functional group chart.
Alkanes are the simplest hydrocarbons composed of C and H atoms. They have C-C in the molecule. Here all the C atoms are bonded with a single covalent bond with each other. The general alkane formula is ; here n = 1,2,3….
Cycloalkanes are saturated cyclic organic compounds with general formula as . The smallest cycloalkane is cyclopropane with 3 C atoms bonded with each other to form a cyclic structure.
Alkanes usually exist in gaseous state due to weak Van Der Waal interactions between molecules. In the absence of any polar atom, they do not have any strong intermolecular interaction between molecules. That is the reason they have lower melting point and boiling point compared to other hydrocarbons like alcohols.
Due to non-polar nature, they are soluble in non-polar solvents. They are colorless, odorless compounds with lesser density compared to water.
Alkanes have high content of C atoms therefore they are combustible and burn with sooty flame. The combustion of alkanes results in the formation of carbon dioxide and water molecules.
They have almost the same physical properties like alkane but they have higher melting and boiling points. That is due to stronger Van Der Waal interactions between molecules. Cyclohexane is considered as the most stable cycloalkane.
In alkanes, all C atoms are bonded with strong single covalent bonds therefore they tend to give substitution reactions mainly. The substitution of H atoms form a large number of organic compounds like haloalkane, alcohols, nitrile compounds etc.
As the ring strain increases in the ring, the stability of cycloalkane ring decreases. It increases the chemical reactivity of cycloalkane and shows the ring opening reactions.
Question 1: Identify the correct condensed formula of alkane.
The general chemical formula of alkane is . In the given chemical formula, the option b) matches with the general chemical formula. Thus, it should be option C3H8.
Question 2 - What are the products of combustion reactions of alkanes?
Hydrogen and carbon dioxide gas
Liquid water and carbon dioxide gas
Water vapor and carbon dioxide gas
Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide gas
Solution: Combustion reactions are exothermic reactions and combustion of alkanes forms carbon dioxide gas and water vapor.
Question 3 - Which of the given formula represents the carboxylic acid functional groups?
Solution: Carboxylic acids are the organic compounds with -COOH as the functional group.
You’ve come to the best chemistry learning resource as we will help you get the answers you need before the deadline.
Rely on our Ph.D. qualified experts to help you with your assignments. Whether it is understanding the nomenclature or lists of common functional groups, or drawing all possible alkane structures- we will deliver complete solutions before submission dates.
Our assignment solvers will help you provide charts, explain the difference between alkane and alkyne and assist when you need it the most.
Be it alkane dust or formula- get detailed explanations to figure out what is involved in deriving a particular answer.
Get answers for most searched questions like “which two functional groups are always found in amino acids?” or “how many atoms are in H2O?” and resolve your difficulties.
With the help of step-by-step explanations, you can devote time to understand the basic concepts and learn the naming process and take help with the definitions.
Avail assistance from our in-house team of subject experts to get better grades in Chemistry today!
At TutorEye, we are committed to helping high school and middle-grade students and also parents looking for guidance. Our dedicated subject specialist will exclusively assist you to shed some subject load and handle assignment-related difficulties like a pro.
So let’s get started by figuring out how to reduce ketone to an alkane, classification methodology, and boiling point of alkane. Rest assured, we provide authentic work and ensure all tasks are delivered before promised dates.
Be it midnight or early morning, we are working round-the-clock to help you with the chain of reactions and devise new ways to help you understand hydrofluoro alkane!
We deliver 100% original assignments and have a zero-tolerance policy towards plagiarism. Our quality assurance team conducts rigorous checks before an explanation is delivered to you.
Get top-notch assignments by following a few simple steps:
Step 1: Fill out our quick help form by listing all the problems
Step 2: Hire an assignment solver who is willing to ensure the task is submitted on a promised date and meets your budgetary requirements
Step 3: Release payment from escrow only when the finished assignment is provided to you within a given timeframe
All homework-related tasks are handled by professionals who have Masters and Doctorate degrees from reputed universities around the world.
You can contact us anytime and we’ll start churning a well-researched assignment in no time.
To ensure satisfaction and trust, we follow the Money Refund policy. By availing our homework help services, we ensure students save not only valuable time but also money.
We also provide 1:1 private tutoring on organic chemistry concepts and this can be helpful if your child is interested in learning or advancing their knowledge on this topic.
Alkane and Cycloalkanes are hydrocarbons that are composed of C and H atoms. The general formula for alkane is CnH2n+2 . whereas cycloalkane is CnH2n.
There is no such functional group in alkane as they are saturated hydrocarbons in which all C atoms are bonded with a single covalent bond with other C and also with H atoms.
Cyclohexane is an alicyclic hydrocarbon with cycloalkane as a functional group. Here six C atoms are bonded in a cyclic way to form a ring structure with single covalent bonds. The line-bond formula of c cyclohexane can be written as:
Cyclopentane is an alicyclic hydrocarbon with cycloalkane as a functional group. Here five C atoms are bonded in a cyclic way to form a ring structure with single covalent bonds. The line-bond formula of c cyclohexane can be written as: