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I am wondering how to set up a multivariable integral under a surface bound by a circle not set in

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using amos. Please contact me back asap. I am particularly wondering how to test for correlation of disturbance. thanks.
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the origin? ie surface under some surface "f" as bound by the set: x^2+y^2-4x<0 (equivalent to: (x-2)^2 + y^2 < 4). My original thinking was to just translate the surface formula by the magnitude of the radius of this circle and assume the standart polar setup for cirles located at the origin, but this makes the integral very unpleasant. Could i get any suggestions for how to solve this? Thanks
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I am in desperate need of help. There questions are in accordnce wih the AUDITORY CORTEX 1. How is sound intensity encoded? (I am not sure if these means how is it measured...?) What is a rate level function? What is the tonotopic map of the cochlea? What is a tuning curve ? What is the best frequency? What is the threshold ? What is the Volley Theory? I have an idea of the material since it was review in class but the PowerPoint slides are hard to understand. 2. Describe the concept of sound localization and the coincidence detection model of binaural processing occuring in the superior olivary nucleus that mediates sound source localization? (I don't even know where to start with that one) 3. Distinguish between the neural circuit processing intetnaural time differences intetnaural level differences? How and where are the signals compared? (I understand the level vs time difference but I do not know about the neural circuit processing... And what does it mean by where are the signals compared?) 4. Understand the gross organization of the auditory cortex: primary AI and secondary AII auditory cortex, tonotopic organization. I am using the textbook brain and behavior 4th edition by Bob Garrett and also the review PowerPoint slides given to the class but it is mostly charts and graphs
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1.AU MAT 120 Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities Discussion

mathematicsalgebra Physics