1.I am trying to figure out the optimal radius that will give the lowest surface area of a cylinder. I
have done the calculus which reveals that the surface area is at a minimum when height is double the radius. I am now trying to find an equation for the relationship between the amount of wasted surface area as a percentage of the minimum surface area and the ratio between height and radius.
If I were to plot it on a graph, the y axis would be the percentage of excess materials needed as a percentage of the minimum possible surface area, and the x axis would be height divided by radius. Since the surface area is minimized when height=2(radius), I know that when x=2, y=0.
The website https://www.datagenetics.com/blog/august12014/index.html explains what I am trying to do quite well and shows the graph below. I am trying to find the equation for this graph, but am unsure how to go about it.
4.In a simple reaction A ↔ A*, a molecule is interconvertible between two forms that differ in standard free energy
ard free energy G° by 18 kJ/mole, with A* having the higher G°.
Use the table below to find how many more molecules will be in state A* compared with state A at equilibrium.
If an enzyme lowered the activation energy of the reaction by 11.7 kJ/mole, how would the ratio of A to A* change?
Table: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE STANDARD FREE- ENERGY CHANGE, ∆G°, AND THE EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANT
Hint: ∆G° represents the free-energy difference under standard conditions (where all components are present at a concentration of 1 mole/litter). From this table, we see that if there is a favourable free-energy change of –17.8 kJ/mole for the transition Y→ X, there will be 1000 times more molecules of X than of Y at equilibrium (K = 1000).