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Level of significance construct contingency tables and some other statistics

 
 

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1.Can domestic dogs understand human body cues such as leaning? The experimenter leaned toward one of two objects and recorded ...

two objects and recorded whether or not the dog being tested correctly chose the object indicated. A four-year-old male beagle named Augie participated in this study. He chose the correct object 42 out of 70 times when the experimenter leaned towards the correct object. (a) (2 points) Let the parameter of interest, π, represent the probability that the long-run probability that Augie chooses correctly. Researches are interested to see if Augie understands human body cues (better than gussing). Fill in the blanks for the null and alternative hypotheses. H0 : Ha : (b) (6 points) Based on the above context, conduct a test of significance to determine the p-value to investigate if domestic dogs understand human body cues. What conclusion will you draw with significance level of 10%? (If you use an applet, please specify which applet you use, and the inputs.) (c) (5 points) Based on the above context, conduct a test of significance to determine the p-value to investigate if domestic dogs understand human body cues. What conclusion will you draw with significance level of 5%? (If you use an applet, please specify which applet you use, and the inputs.) (d) (2 points) Are your conclusions from part (b) and (c) the same? If they are different, please provide an explanation. (e) (5 points) Shown below is a dotplot from a simulation of 100 sample proportions under the assump- tion that the long-run probability that Augie chooses correct is 0.50. Based on this dotplot, would a 90% confidence interval for π contain the value 0.5? Explain your answer. (f) (4 points) Compute the standard error of the sample proportion of times that Augie chose the object correctly. 1 (g) (5 points) (h) (3 points) question? (i) (4 points) (j) (4 points) A. B. C. Construct an approximate 95% confidence interval for π using the 2SD method. What is the margin of error of the confidence interval that you found in the previous How would you interpret the confidence interval that you found in part (g)? Which of the following is a correct interpretation of the 95% confidence level? If Augie repeats this process many times, then about 95% of the intervals produced will capture the true proportion of times of choosing the correct objective. About 95% times Augie chooses the correct objective. If Augie repeats this process and constructs 20 intervals from separate independent sam- ples, we can expect about 19 of those intervals to contain the true proportion Augie chooses the correct objective. (k) (4 points) object 21 out of 35 times. Conjecture how, if at all, the center and the width of a 99% confidence interval would change with these data, compared to the original 2SD 95% confidence interval. The center of the confidence interval would . The width of the confidence interval would . (l) (4 points) Suppose that we repeated the same study with Augie, and this time he chose the correct object 17 out of 35 times, and we also change the confidence level from 95% to 99%. Conjecture how, if at all, the center and the width of a 99% confidence interval would change with these data, compared to the original 2SD 95% confidence interval. Suppose that we repeated the same study with Augie, and this time he chose the correct The center of the confidence interval would The width of the confidence interval would . .
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2.Fox News recently reported the results of a public opinion poll on supporting Trump that asked: “Since he became the president, ...

Since he became the president, did President Trump act with the transparency and the integrity that you expect from a president?” 675 voters responded the poll and 351 responded “YES.” Assume that 40% of the U.S. population supports Trump. a. Define a binary random variable, Y, for supporting Trump (Y=1) vs. not (Y=0). Calculate the population mean (????????) and variance (???????? 2 ) for supporting Trump. b. Calculate the sample mean ????̅ and the sample standard deviation of ????̅ (????????̅ ) for the poll. c. Calculate the standard error of ????̅ and construct a 95% confidence interval from the poll using ????̅ and its sample standard error. d. Conduct a two-sided hypothesis test at 5% significance level to determine whether 40% of the U.S. population supports Trump. State the null and the alternative hypotheses, calculate the test statistics and the associated p-value, and conclude. Is the Fox News survey reliable? Why? Why Not? e. Suppose that you wanted to design a survey that had a margin of error of at most 1%. That is: the difference between the upper bound and the lower bound of the confidence interval should be a maximum of 2 percentage points. For example, for ????̅ = 0.52 you are aiming for the 95 % CI to be [0.51 0.53]. How large should n be if the survey uses simple random sampling?
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1.AU MAT 120 Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities Discussion

mathematicsalgebra Physics