a) Calculate the work done to compress the spring. (2 marks)
b) What happens to the work done on the spring ? (1 mark)
c) If the spring is released, what happens to the energy of the spring? (1 mark)
d) Calculate the total mechanical energy of the ball at the instant it leaves the spring. (2 marks)
e) What will be the speed of the ball at the instant it leaves the spring? (2 marks)
f) If the ball is fired up into the air by the spring, how much gravitational potential energy will it gain? (1 mark)
g) What will be the maximum height of the ball? (2 marks
×107 m away from the center of the planet, the spacecraft has speed 3700 ms . Defining the edge of the universe as the origin for calculations of gravitational potential energy, what is the total energy (kinetic and potential) of the spacecraft?
hin a free demo session as I have my answers, but just want to confirm them, that would be greatly appreciated.
A block of mass M = 0.10 kg is attached to one end of a spring with spring constant k = 100 N/m . The other end of the spring is attached to a fixed wall. The block is pushed against the spring, compressing it a distance x = 0.04 m . The block is then released from rest, and the block-spring system travels along a horizontal, rough track. Data collected from a motion detector are used to create a graph of the kinetic energy K and spring potential energy Us of the system as a function of the block's position as the spring expands. How can the student determine the amount of mechanical energy dissipated by friction as the spring expanded to its natural spring length?
The Atwood’s machine shown consists of two blocks connected by a light string that passes over a pulley of negligible mass and negligible friction. The blocks are released from rest, and m2 is greater than m1. Assume that the reference line of zero gravitational potential energy is the floor. Which of the following best represents the total gravitational potential energy U and total kinetic energy K of the block-block-Earth system as a function of the height h of block m1?
A 2 kg block is placed at the top of an incline and released from rest near Earth’s surface and unknown distance H above the ground. The angle θ between the ground and the incline is also unknown. Frictional forces between the block and the incline are considered to be negligible. The block eventually slides to the bottom of the incline after 0.75 s. The block’s velocity v as a function of time t is shown in the graph starting from the instant it is released. How could a student use the graph to determine the total energy of the block-Earth system?
A block slides across a flat, horizontal surface to the right. For each choice, the arrows represent velocity vectors of the block at successive intervals of time. Which of the following diagrams represents the situation in which the block loses kinetic energy?