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hour. Let N(t) be the number of custoer arrivals up to time t, with hour as the unit. There are two types of soft drinks, type A and B, stored in the machine. Suppose that each time a customer deposits money, the machine dispenses one soft drink A with probability p1, or one soft drink B with probability p2. We have p1 + p2 = 1, p1 > 0, p2 > 0. Let X(t) be the number of type A soft drinks dispensed up to time t; and Y (t) be the number of type B soft drinks dispensed up to time t.

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y aces or twos, you lose the game immediately. You also lose if you draw picture cards(J,Q,K) more than twice. In this question, you’ll study the probability of winning this game.(a) What is the probability of drawing no aces or twos after thirteen draws?(b) Given you have drawn thirteen times, none of which is aces or twos, what is the probability that you draw at most two picture cards?(c) What is the probability to win this game?
12. Suppose you are tossing an unbiased coin for100times.(a) What is the probability of getting50heads and50tails?(b) LetXbe the random variable counting the number of heads you observe in this exper-iment. What is the expected value ofX? What is the variance ofX? What is thestandard deviation ofX?
13. The following are probability distributions for two random variablesX,Y.
kPr(X=k)
0,0.4
1,0.3
2,0.3
kPr(Y=k)
0,0.5
1,0.3
2,0.2
(a) Construct the probability distribution table for the random variableXY.(b) Find E[X],E[Y] and E[XY]. Is is true that E[XY] =E[X]E[Y]?(c) Find the variances σ2X,σ2Y,σ2XY of X,Y and XY. Is it true that σ2XY=σ2Xσ2Y?
14. The aliens who are fond of gambling came back to play another game with you. In this game, you first toss a coin5times. If you observe3or fewer tails, you roll a die3times. If youobserve4or more tails, you roll a die20times. What is the probability that you end up with at most two6’s in your dice rolls?
15. (Challenge question, worth2points) You have two bags, each of which contains10marbles.Each time you remove a marble from a random bag. What is the probability that after one of the bags is emptied, there are still exactly3marbles in the other bag?

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2,3,4,7). If it lands tails, a fair six-sided die is
thrown (with values 3,4,5,6,7,9). Regardless of which die is used, Alice
eats n grains of rice, where n is the largest prime factor of the die result
(for example, the largest prime factor of 9 is 3).
(a) What is the conditional probability that the coin lands heads, given
that Alice eats three grains of rice?
(b) Suppose that the entire experiment is conducted twice on the following day (starting with a new coin toss on the second run-through).
What is the conditional probability that the coin lands heads on both
run-throughs, given that Alice eats a total of five grains of rice during the two run-throughs?
(Do not count the two grains from part (a) in part (b); we assume
two brand new experiments, each with a new coin toss. Start your
solution by defining a suitable partition of the sample space. Please
use an appropriate notation and/or justification in words, for each
value that you give as part of your solution.)
Exercise 5) Alice and Bob throw an unfair coin repeatedly, with probability 2/5 of landing heads. Alice starts with £2 and Bob starts with £3 .
Each time the unfair coin lands heads, Alice gives Bob £1 . Each time
the unfair coin lands tails, Bob gives Alice £1 . The game ends when one
player has £5 .
(a) Draw a labelled Markov chain describing the problem, and write
down a transition matrix P. Write down the communication classes,
and classify them as either recurrent or transient.
(b) Using the transition matrix, calculate the probability that Alice loses
all of her money in exactly four tosses of the unfair coin.
(c) Calculate the (total) probability that Alice loses all of her money
(before Bob loses all of his).
(d) Calculate the expected (mean) number of tosses of the unfair coin,
for the game to end.

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two objects and recorded whether or not the dog being tested correctly chose the object indicated. A four-year-old male beagle named Augie participated in this study. He chose the correct object 42 out of 70 times when the experimenter leaned towards the correct object.
(a) (2 points) Let the parameter of interest, π, represent the probability that the long-run probability that Augie chooses correctly. Researches are interested to see if Augie understands human body cues (better than gussing).
Fill in the blanks for the null and alternative hypotheses.
H0 : Ha :
(b) (6 points) Based on the above context, conduct a test of significance to determine the p-value to investigate if domestic dogs understand human body cues. What conclusion will you draw with significance level of 10%? (If you use an applet, please specify which applet you use, and the inputs.)
(c) (5 points) Based on the above context, conduct a test of significance to determine the p-value to investigate if domestic dogs understand human body cues. What conclusion will you draw with significance level of 5%? (If you use an applet, please specify which applet you use, and the inputs.)
(d) (2 points) Are your conclusions from part (b) and (c) the same? If they are different, please provide an explanation.
(e) (5 points) Shown below is a dotplot from a simulation of 100 sample proportions under the assump- tion that the long-run probability that Augie chooses correct is 0.50. Based on this dotplot, would a 90% confidence interval for π contain the value 0.5? Explain your answer.
(f) (4 points) Compute the standard error of the sample proportion of times that Augie chose the object correctly.
1
(g) (5 points)
(h) (3 points) question?
(i) (4 points)
(j) (4 points) A.
B. C.
Construct an approximate 95% confidence interval for π using the 2SD method. What is the margin of error of the confidence interval that you found in the previous
How would you interpret the confidence interval that you found in part (g)?
Which of the following is a correct interpretation of the 95% confidence level?
If Augie repeats this process many times, then about 95% of the intervals produced will capture the true proportion of times of choosing the correct objective.
About 95% times Augie chooses the correct objective.
If Augie repeats this process and constructs 20 intervals from separate independent sam- ples, we can expect about 19 of those intervals to contain the true proportion Augie chooses the correct objective.
(k) (4 points)
object 21 out of 35 times.
Conjecture how, if at all, the center and the width of a 99% confidence interval would change with these data, compared to the original 2SD 95% confidence interval.
The center of the confidence interval would . The width of the confidence interval would .
(l) (4 points) Suppose that we repeated the same study with Augie, and this time he chose the correct object 17 out of 35 times, and we also change the confidence level from 95% to 99%. Conjecture how, if at all, the center and the width of a 99% confidence interval would change with these data, compared to the original 2SD 95% confidence interval.
Suppose that we repeated the same study with Augie, and this time he chose the correct
The center of the confidence interval would The width of the confidence interval would
.
.

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members of the class to be in a video you’re making, but at least 2 must be
seniors. How many different ways are there to choose the students?

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nd standard deviation 6 inches.
A button hyperlink to the SALT program that reads: Use SALT.
(a) What is the probability that an 18-year-old man selected at random is between 64 and 66 inches tall? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)
Correct: Your answer is correct.
(b) If a random sample of seven 18-year-old men is selected, what is the probability that the mean height x is between 64 and 66 inches? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)
Incorrect: Your answer is incorrect.
(c) Compare your answers to parts (a) and (b). Is the probability in part (b) much higher? Why would you expect this?
The probability in part (b) is much higher because the standard deviation is smaller for the x distribution.
The probability in part (b) is much higher because the standard deviation is larger for the x distribution.
The probability in part (b) is much higher because the mean is smaller for the x distribution.
The probability in part (b) is much higher because the mean is larger for the x distribution.
The probability in part (b) is much lower because the standard deviation is smaller for the x distribution.

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7.Suppose we have a bowl with 6 marbles - 2 red marbles, 3 green marbles, and 1 blue marble. We ...

ly select 4 marbles from the bowl, with replacement. What is the probability of selecting 2 green marbles and 1 blue marbles?

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ose
the breaking point is uniformly distributed on the chalk. Let X denote the length of the shorter piece and
R the ratio of the lengths of the shorter to the longer piece. Then X has uniform distribution on [0; 1
2 ].
(a) (6pts) Find the probability density function of R.
(b) (8pts) Find the mean and variance of R.

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Andrew, Beryl and Charlie. Beryl is the most proliﬁc writer, writing 55% of the jokes, with Andrew and Charlie writing 30% and 15% respectively. 98% of Andrew’s jokes are puns and 95% of Beryl’s jokes are puns, whilst only 90% of Charlie’s jokes are puns. Suppose you pull a cracker and ﬁnd that the joke inside is not a pun. (i) What is the probability that Andrew wrote the joke? (ii) What is the probability that Beryl wrote the joke? (iii) What is the probability that Charlie wrote the joke?

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ere 45 Republicans and 55 Democrats*. Use this information to answer the following.
*Technically, 2 of these Senators were Independents or Independent Democrats, but caucused with the Democratic Party.
Remember the rounding convention for a decimal value with more than 3 zeroes is to round to the second non-zero digit.
If we choose a committee of 10 at random, what is the probability that they will all be Republicans?

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ence for hamburger or chicken. Of 200 respondents selected, 125 were male, 75 were female. 120 preferred hamburger and 80 preferred chicken. Of the males, 85 preferred hamburger. Suppose that two individuals are randomly selected. The probability that both prefer hamburger is:
Question 8 options:
a)
9/25
b)
3/5
c)
357/995
d)
17/40

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is a multiple of three or greater than eight.
A certain game consist of rolling a single fair die and pays off as follows nine dollars for a six, six dollars for a five, one dollar for four and no payoffs otherwise.Find the expected winnings for this game.
A fair die is rolled four times. A 6 is considered success While all other outcomes are failures find the probability of three successes.
A pet store has nine puppies including 4 poodles 3 terriers and 2 retrievers. If Rebecca an errand in that order each select one puppy at random without replacement find the probability that Aaron select a retriever given that from last Rebecca selects a poodle.
Experience shows that a ski lodge will be for (166 guests) if there is a heavy snowfall in December, well only partially full (52 guests) With a light snowfall. What is the expected number of guests if the probability for a heavy snowfall is 0.40? I assume that heavy snowfall and light snowfall are the only two possibilities.
A pet store has six puppies Including two poodles two Terriers and to retrievers. If Rebecca and Aaron in that order each select one puppy random with replacement (They both may select the same one) Find the probability That Rebecca selects a terrier and Aaron selects a retriever.
Three married couples arrange themselves randomly in six consecutive seats in a row. Determine (A) the number of ways the following event can occur, And (B) the probability of the event. (The denominator of the probability fraction will be 6!=720, The total number of ways to arrange six items ). Each man was that immediately to the right of his wife.
A coin is tossed five times. Find the probability that all our heads. Find the probability that at least three are heads.
A certain prescription drug is known to produce undesirable facts and 35% of all patients due to drug. Among a random sample of a patient using a drug find the probability of the stated event. Exactly 5 have undesired effects.
10,000 raffle tickets are sold. One first prize of 1600, for second prizes of 800 each, And 9/3 prizes of 300 each or to be awarded with all winners selected randomly. If you purchase one ticket what are your expected winnings.
Suppose a charitable organization decides to Raise money by raffling A trip worth 500. If 3000 tickets are sold at one dollar each find the expected net winnings for a person who buys one ticket. Round to the nearest cent
Three men and seven women are waiting to be interviewed for jobs. If they are selected in random order find the probability that all men will be interviewed first
A fair diet is rolled. What is the probability of rolling on our number or a number less than three.
The pet store has 15 puppies, including five poodles, five Terriers, and five retrievers. If Rebecca and Aaron, in that order, select one puppy at random without replacement, find the probability that both select a poodle
Beth is taking a nine question multiple-choice test for which each question Has three answer choices, only one of which is correct. Beth decides on answering By rolling a fair die And making the first answer choice if the die shows one or two, The second If the die shows three or four, and the third if the die shows five or six. Find the probability of the stated event. Exactly 6 correct answers
For the experiment of drawing a single card from a standard 52 card deck find (a) the probability and (b) the odds are in favor that they do not drive six

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13.Question 1: suppose the dealer has an an Ace showing, you have a 3 and an 8 in your hand, ...

r player at the table is showing a 5 and 6. Compute the expected value of a one-dollar insurance bet under these circumstances
Question 2: Suppose that( perhaps after being hit one or more times) you have cards addings up to 18. Using the table provided in these notes, compute the probability that you will lose, and the probability that you will tie.
Question 3: The "Royal Hand" consists of King and Queens of the same suit. Compute the probability of being dealt a Royal Hand in the first two cards.
Question 4: Compute the probability that you will initially be dealt two cards adding up to exactly 20. ( First think about how many ways two cards can up to 20 in blackjack.)
Question 5: You have two 9s in your hand. The dealer is showing a 7, and the only other player at the table is sowing a King and a 9. If you ask to be hit, what is the probability that you will bust on the next card?

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1.AU MAT 120 Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities Discussion

mathematicsalgebra Physics