A chair with a mass of 20.0 kg is attached to one end of a frictionless pulley system via a
a strong massless rope. The other end of the rope is attached to a steel water tank sitting on a flat horizontal concrete surface (see the image to the right). The coefficient of static friction between steel and concrete is 0.45 and the coefficient of kinetic friction between the surfaces is 0.30. The water tank, which is full of water, has sprung a leak. The combined mass of the water and the tank is 500 kg. This mass slowly decreases as the water leaks from the hole. You (i.e. your entire mass) are sitting at rest in the seat. You and the seat will remain at rest as long as the force of static friction is strong enough to hold you.
LET [DOWN] and [RIGHT] be positive. Using your knowledge of physics, determine the following:
Draw the FBD of the system of you and the chair while at rest. Using the LET statement above, write out the net force equation. 
Draw the FBD of the system of the water tank at rest on the flat horizontal surface. Using the LET statement above, write out the net force equations for both the vertical and horizontal planes. 
Using the net force equations, determine the minimum mass of water that must be lost (i.e. leaked out) from the water tank in order for you and the seat to begin falling? 
As soon as the chair begins to move, static friction between the steel tank and concrete surface becomes kinetic friction. Determine the magnitude of the kinetic friction. 
Using Newton’s 2nd law, determine the acceleration of the system at the instant that the static friction becomes kinetic friction. 
2.2)Two books are accelerating to the right on a frictional surface and the coefficient of kinetic friction between the floor
ction between the floor and book is µk. Using the information given in the figure:
(a) draw free body diagrams for both the books, and also for the combined system (of mass m1+m2),
(b) find acceleration of the books along horizontal direction, and
(c) find the magnitude and direction of the force exerted by the left book on the right book.
3.A car of mass 1500-kg enters a circular path at point P and leaves at point Q (see the figure) at constant speed of 5.0m/s, and the frictional force acting on its tires is 2500-N.
a) how long it takes to reach point Q from point P, and
b) what should be the minimum value of the coefficient of static friction between the tires and the road?
4)In an elevator which is accelerating downward at 2.5ms−2 , a 25-kg block hangs from a spring attached to the ceiling of the elevator. If spring gets stretched by 0.15m, find its spring constant.
5.A uniform beam of length L
and mass m shown in Figure
P12.16 is inclined at an angle
u to the horizontal. Its
izontal. Its upper
end is connected to a wall by
a rope, and its lower end rests
on a rough, horizontal sur-
face. The coefficient of static
friction between the beam
and surface is ms. Assume
the angle u is such that the static friction force is at its
maximum value. (a) Draw a force diagram for the beam.
(b) Using the condition of rotational equilibrium,
find an expression for the tension T in the rope in
terms of m, g, and u. (c) Using the condition of trans-
lational equilibrium, find a second expression for T in
terms of ms, m, and g. (d) Using the results from parts
(a) through (c), obtain an expression for ms
vertical component of this force. Now solve the same
problem from the force diagram from part (a) by com-
puting torques around the junction between the cable
and the beam at the right-hand end of the beam. Find
(e) the vertical component of the force exerted by the
pole on the beam, (f) the tension in the cable, and
(g) the horizontal component of the force exerted
by the pole on the beam. (h) Compare the solution
to parts (b) through (d) with the solution to parts
(e) through (g). Is either solution more accurate?
19. Sir Lost-a-Lot dons his armor and sets out from the
castle on his trusty steed (Fig. P12.19). Usually, the
drawbridge is lowered to a horizontal position so that
the end of the bridge rests on the stone ledge. Unfor-
squire didn’t lower the draw-
ing only the angle u. (e) What happens if the ladder
is lifted upward and its base is placed back on the
ground slightly to the left of its position in Figure