Ethical dilemmas are those where there is neither an easy answer nor a decision that is absolutely the right one.
the right one. Healthcare professionals must deal with these challenges based on their training and knowledge of ethical principles and decision making. Choose an ethical dilemma from the list below and answer the questions that follow. Use your knowledge and understanding from what you have already learned from Unit 1 and 2 lessons and the textbook reading assignments.
Genetic testing and home test kits
Artificial intelligence and clinical decision making
Organ transplantation and artificial organs
Note: If you would like to choose a dilemma other than one on the list, please consult with your instructor and obtain permission.
Describe the issue and why and how it poses an ethical dilemma for healthcare providers and healthcare organizations?
What ethical principle(s) would be applicable to the dilemma?
Describe the ethical decision-making steps used to come to an ethical decision? With whom would a healthcare professional consult in coming to a decision?
How are your personal values challenged? What would be a personal bias or conflict of interest in resolving this dilemma
2.students are expected to research and compose a paper based on the application of concepts and theories examined in class.
ies examined in class. This paper is not a literature review, though a literature review is part of your work. As this course takes place in a compressed timeline, I provided some suggestions for research topics. Feel free to use one of these as a springboard or propose your own.
At the end of the second week of class, students submit a three-page research paper prospectus. A research prospectus is a preliminary plan for conducting a study. This is not a detailed and technical research proposal, but rather, an analysis of the issues likely confronted in such a study. In essence, it is a preliminary proposal of work.
Research Paper Prospectus Elements
To complete the Research Paper Prospectus, consider the following elements. While the prospectus is limited to three pages of body content, remember, students must cover each of these areas as relevant to the plan for research:
Research Problem. What is the research problem? A problem is a situation when left untreated, produces a negative consequence for a group, an institution, or a(n) individual(s). What makes it a problem? For whom? Who says so?
Assumptions. On what assumptions is the work based? Which assumptions are verifiable in literature? Which assumptions are speculative?
Theoretical Issues. What theoretical issues arise from the study? For example, "theoretically," how is the problem and suspected results explained to other scholars? Is there a behavior view? A social systems view? Are there other theoretical orientations to consider in the study's design?
Literature Review. What, in general, does the literature say about the topic? While more development is expected for the final paper, a review of major theories, research, and writers in the field is needed.
Research Questions. Based on the problem, what are the research questions to be answered? How and why will answering the questions contribute to solving the research problem? Remember....a research question can only be answered with empirical data or information.
General Research Plan. In general, what research is necessary to answer the research question. What kind of data is needed? Specify the type, such as surveys, observations, or interviews. Who is to be studied and why? How is the data reduced and made sense of? How is the quality of the data assured?
Anticipated Difficulties and Pitfalls. What kind of difficulties and pitfalls are expected in a study of this nature? What can be done to prevent them or minimize their effects?
Anticipated Benefits. Who will benefit from the fact this research is undertaken? How? Why? Who might be disturbed by this proposed study? How? Why?
Paper Format Requirements
The Research Paper Prospectus is presented in standard APA 7 format, with a cover page, running head, body, and references list. The cover page and references do not count toward the three-page requirement. The body uses headers and in-text citations in the manner prescribed by APA. Students should include any references they know at the time they submit the prospectus, though it is expected the references may change or increase in number. Full and complete adherence to APA is required.
As APA format is the rule, remember the formatting rules shown on the Sample Paper (Links to an external site.):
Times New Roman, 12pt
1" margins on all sides
Double spaced, with extra line spaces removed (see below)
Page numbers in the upper right
Two spaces after concluding punctuation
150-250 word abstract with keywords
APA-style in-text citations and quote format. Use the Purdue OWL in-text citation information (Links to an external site.)to help you.
Alphabetical (by author) reference page with correct reference format. DO NOT trust the reference generator in your word processing program. It is WRONG! Use the Purdue OWL references information (Links to an external site.)to correctly structure references and do so manually.
3.I need help to answer these questions based on the attachment.
1- Draw the maximum parsimony tree based on the
e based on the provided data set.
You can draw the tree electronically, or draw it by hand and scan or photograph a copy—or use any other appropriate means you wish.
2. How many homoplasies are in the tree? Give the nucleotide position number(s) and tell what character states were independently derived in which species.
3. Two major clades are revealed by the tree. List the species in each clade. What can you say in general about the geographic distribution of each clade?
4. In cases where two species of Map Turtle occupy the same river system, are those species each other’s nearest relatives? Considering their phylogeny and distribution, what speciation events (including such factors as migration, vicariance, etc.) would you predict led to the species found in these rivers and their current distributions?
The Indigo Insurance Company is a large company based in Melbourne. Several years ago, an email survey of all their
survey of all their employees found that employees were required to respond to an average of 50 work-related emails per week with a standard deviation of 1.5 emails per week. However, an employee advocacy group believes the average number of work-related emails Indigo Insurance Company employees are now required to respond to is more than 50 emails per week.
To investigate this further, the employee advocacy group took a random sample of 20 staff employed by Indigo Insurance Company during the second week of March 2018,and asked these employees to record the number of work-related emails to which they were required to respond.
(b). What does the highlighted section of the distribution in Figure 1 represent?
(c). The random sample of 20 employees of Indigo Insurance Company taken by the employee advocacy group turned out to have a mean of 50.8 work-related emails to respond to in that week. Does this sample look like it belongs to the sampling distribution displayed in Figure 1? Justify your answer.
(d). Given the sample was randomly selected and that the number of work-related emails each employee was required to respond to was recorded accurately, what conclusion can we reach from part (c)?
To answer questions (b) to (d), consider the sampling distribution shown in Figure 1.