1.Part I. Reaction Paper
Read and understand the text below. Follow outline in writing your reaction paper at least 250-750
paper at least 250-750 words.
2. Thesis Statement
3. Supporting details
The Digital Divide: The Challenge of Technology and Equity
(1) Information technology is influence the way many of us live and work today. We use the internet to look and apply for jobs, shop, conduct research, make airline reservations, and explore areas of interest. We use Email and internet to communicate instantaneously with friends and business associates around the world. Computers are commonplace in homes and the workplace.
(2) Although the number of internet users is growing exponentially each year, most of the worlds population does not have access to computers of the internet. Only 6 percent of the population in the developing countries are connected to telephones. Although more than 94 percent of U.S households have telephones, only 56 percent
have personal computers at home and 50 percent have internet access. The lack of what most of us would consider a basic communication necessity the telephone does not occur just in developing nations. On some Native American reservations only 60 percent of the residents have a telephone. The move to wireless connectivity may eliminate the need for telephone lines, but it does not remove the barrier to equipment costs.
(3) Who has internet access? The digital divide between the populations who have access to the internet and information technology tools and those who dont is based on income, race, education, household type, and geographic location, but the gap between groups is narrowing. Eighty-five percent of households with an income
over $75,000 have internet access, compared with less than 20 percent of the households with income under $15,000. Over 80 percent of college graduates use the internet as compared with 40 percent of high school completers and 13 percent of high school dropouts. Seventy-two percent of household with two parents have internet access; 40 percent of female, single parent households do. Differences are also found among households and families from different racial and ethnic groups. Fifty-five percent of white households, 31 percent of black households, 32 percent of Latino households, 68 percent of Asian or Pacific Islander households, and 39 percent of American Indian, Eskimos, or Aleut households have access to the internet. The number of internet users who are children under nine years old and persons over fifty has more than triple since 1997. Households in inner cities are less likely to have computers and internet access than those in urban and rural areas, but the differences are no more than 6 percent.
(4) Another problem that exacerbates these disparities is that African-American, Latinos, and Native Americans hold few of the jobs in information technology. Women about 20 percent of these jobs and receiving fewer than 30 percent of the Bachelors degrees in computer and information science. The result is that women and members of the most oppressed ethnic group are not eligible for the jobs with the highest salaries at graduation. Baccalaureate candidates with degree in computer science were offered the highest salaries of all new college graduates.
(5) Do similar disparities exist in schools? Ninety-eight percent of schools in the country are wired with at least one internet connection. The number of classrooms with internet connection differs by the income level of students. Using the percentage of students who are eligible for free lunches at a school to determine income level, we see that the higher percentage of the schools with more affluent students have wired classrooms than those with high concentrations of low-income students.
(6) Access to computers and the internet will be important in reducing disparities between groups. It will require higher equality across diverse groups whose members develop knowledge and skills in computer and information technologies. The field today is overrepresented by white males. If computers and the internet are to be used to promote equality, they have to become accessible to schools cannot currently afford the equipment which needs to be updated regularly every three years or so. However, access alone is not enough; Students will have to be interacting with the technology in authentic settings. As technology has become a tool for learning in almost all courses taken by students, it will be seen as a means to an end rather than an end in itself. If it is used in culturally relevant ways, all students can benefit from its power.
2.THINK: WHAT NEW LIT THEORY LENS DO YOU THINK SHOULD EXIST?
When preparing for this assignment, ask yourself the following
yourself the following to start planning your new theory:
Is there a theory we studied that you disagree with? What about it do you dislike or wish to change? Why?
Which theory would you want to expand further or alter to make it more inclusive of a certain group/culture/trend etc.?
What topics in the media angers/upsets/excites/confuses you the most?
While reading The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks and/or an essay from The Anthropocene Reviewed, were you particularly drawn to certain events/characters/settings/symbols etc.?
What is your favourite genre of media? (i.e. novels, films, short stories/films, articles, TV shows, poetry, advertising, social media etc.)
CREATE: Now use your brainstorming and knowledge of literary theories to create a new school of literary criticism and apply it to either Henrietta Lacks OR The Anthropocene Reviewed, and one other text of your choice.
PRESENT: Design and create a multimedia presentation that incorporates words and images/graphics presenting your new theory.
What kind of multimedia presentation should I create? E.g. a slideshow of 10-15 slides, a video no longer than 2 minutes, an infographic, an annotated painting/graphic design, magazine article/issue
Your multimedia presentation must include the following:
a unique name for your new theory
a brief definition for your theory - types of questions to ask yourself when using your lens
a brief rationale statement for your theory (rationale is basically why you believe this theory needs to exist and how it was inspired)
an application of your theory to any piece of literature (novel, play, short story, fairy tale) or alternate media text (TV show, comic, advertisement, painting, film clip) **Note: You will have to summarize/introduce your choice of text (e.g. film clip, fairy tale, comic, painting etc.) before you apply your theory
an application of your theory to one passage approx. 250 words long from The Great Gatsby. (not the passage you chose from Lit Theory Assignment #1)
Complete the “Student Comments” part of the rubric (see below) evaluating your final piece
Check out some Level 4 examples to get an idea of what a new theory and its application could look like for student selected texts.
You will upload your final presentation to GC on the due date as shown on the class calendar. You will NOT have to present your final product to the class.
3.It is estimated that during any one hour period, an average of 10 Internet users visit the
website of Sport-Equip Ltd,
of Sport-Equip Ltd, a company that sells sports equipment. Some of the users
who visit the website end up buying sports equipment from the website while others are
simply browsing in order to obtain product information.
(a) Clearly explain and justify which probability distribution you would use to
describe the number of Internet users who visit the website of Sport-Equip Ltd
in a one hour period. [There is no need to calculate any probabilities for this part
of the question]
(b) What is the probability that during any half-hour period, there will be less than 3
visitors to the website?
(c) What is the probability that during any two-hour period, there will be more than
15 visitors to the website?
(d) If a user has just visited the website, find the probability that the website will
have another visitor within the next 10 minutes. In your answer, state the
probability distribution you have used and explain your choice.
(e) It is estimated that 40% of Internet users who visit Sport-Equip Ltd’s website
buy a product from the company. If 100 users visit the website over a given
period of time, find the probability that more than 50 of them will buy a product
from the company. In your answer, state the probability distribution you have
used and explain your choice
4.I just need someone to look over my paper for anatomy and to just let me know what I need
t or add. I'll attach the questions, my rubric, as well as my answers I made. It would really help me out please.
1.) Choose two somatosensory receptors. Please include a description of each receptor, what they sense, and which part of the brain processes the information from the receptor.
2.) Provide a discussion of the thyroid gland. Include the following:
Description of the thyroid gland's structure and location.
Description of the cells of the thyroid gland.
Description of the hormones secreted by the thyroid gland and their functions.
Description of how thyroid hormones are controlled by hormones secreted by the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary gland.
Description of how the feedback system works in the cases of high or low thyroid hormone levels.
3. Describe the cardiac cycle. Include descriptions of the 3 phases, the pressure changes in each of the heart's chambers, valves are open and closed, and blood flows during each step.
My answer: 1.) Exteroceptor - receives external stimuli from outside of the body. An example, the skin (Thermoreceptors) detects the temperature of the outside area of the body.
Interceptor - receives stimuli from inside of the body. An example would be blood pressure as well as blood oxygen levels.
2.) Thyroid Gland is located near the front lower part of the neck, beneath Adam's apple. Its structure includes Thyroid Epithelial that form follicles filled with colloid - a protein-rich reservoir of the materials needed for thyroid hormone production. The cells are responsible for releasing hormones that control metabolism (Energy levels). The thyroid gland releases triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones regulate weight, energy levels, internal temperature, skin, and growth. When the hypothalamus and pituitary function well, they can detect when hormone levels are low, which causes them to produce more TRH and TSH, which stimulates the thyroid to produce hormones. When the hormone levels exceed their limit, they then have less TRH and TSH, which results in reduced hormone production by the thyroid. Feedback is when a product feeds back into its initial cycle. The Feedback includes both positive and negative feedback. Positive Feedback is when a product provides back to increase production: an example, milk production by a mother for her baby. As the baby suckles, nerve messages from the nipple cause the pituitary gland to secrete prolactin. Prolactin, in turn, stimulates the mammary glands to produce milk, so the baby suckles more. Which causes more prolactin to be secreted and more milk to is made. Negative Feedback is when a product feeds back decreases production; it brings down show if they increase past their limit. It also controls insulin secretion by the pancreas.
3.) The Cardiac Cycle takes place from the beginning of a heartbeat to the next. It contains two periods: One is when the heart muscle relaxes and refills with blood, called diastole, following a time when it begins contraction and pumping of blood, systole. Once emptied, the heart then relaxes and expands to receive another inrush of blood coming back from the lungs and other areas of the body. The atrioventricular valves remain open while the semilunar valves are closed. During the middle part of the diastole, a small amount of blood flows into the ventricles. The blood flows from the veins and passes the atria fills the ventricles. The pressure in both ventricles is close to zero as a result.
5.Exercise 4) A fair coin is tossed. If it lands heads, a fair four-sided die
is thrown (with values 2,3,4,7). If
2,3,4,7). If it lands tails, a fair six-sided die is
thrown (with values 3,4,5,6,7,9). Regardless of which die is used, Alice
eats n grains of rice, where n is the largest prime factor of the die result
(for example, the largest prime factor of 9 is 3).
(a) What is the conditional probability that the coin lands heads, given
that Alice eats three grains of rice?
(b) Suppose that the entire experiment is conducted twice on the following day (starting with a new coin toss on the second run-through).
What is the conditional probability that the coin lands heads on both
run-throughs, given that Alice eats a total of five grains of rice during the two run-throughs?
(Do not count the two grains from part (a) in part (b); we assume
two brand new experiments, each with a new coin toss. Start your
solution by defining a suitable partition of the sample space. Please
use an appropriate notation and/or justification in words, for each
value that you give as part of your solution.)
Exercise 5) Alice and Bob throw an unfair coin repeatedly, with probability 2/5 of landing heads. Alice starts with £2 and Bob starts with £3 .
Each time the unfair coin lands heads, Alice gives Bob £1 . Each time
the unfair coin lands tails, Bob gives Alice £1 . The game ends when one
player has £5 .
(a) Draw a labelled Markov chain describing the problem, and write
down a transition matrix P. Write down the communication classes,
and classify them as either recurrent or transient.
(b) Using the transition matrix, calculate the probability that Alice loses
all of her money in exactly four tosses of the unfair coin.
(c) Calculate the (total) probability that Alice loses all of her money
(before Bob loses all of his).
(d) Calculate the expected (mean) number of tosses of the unfair coin,
for the game to end.
6.Can domestic dogs understand human body cues such as leaning? The experimenter leaned toward one of two objects and recorded
two objects and recorded whether or not the dog being tested correctly chose the object indicated. A four-year-old male beagle named Augie participated in this study. He chose the correct object 42 out of 70 times when the experimenter leaned towards the correct object.
(a) (2 points) Let the parameter of interest, π, represent the probability that the long-run probability that Augie chooses correctly. Researches are interested to see if Augie understands human body cues (better than gussing).
Fill in the blanks for the null and alternative hypotheses.
H0 : Ha :
(b) (6 points) Based on the above context, conduct a test of significance to determine the p-value to investigate if domestic dogs understand human body cues. What conclusion will you draw with significance level of 10%? (If you use an applet, please specify which applet you use, and the inputs.)
(c) (5 points) Based on the above context, conduct a test of significance to determine the p-value to investigate if domestic dogs understand human body cues. What conclusion will you draw with significance level of 5%? (If you use an applet, please specify which applet you use, and the inputs.)
(d) (2 points) Are your conclusions from part (b) and (c) the same? If they are different, please provide an explanation.
(e) (5 points) Shown below is a dotplot from a simulation of 100 sample proportions under the assump- tion that the long-run probability that Augie chooses correct is 0.50. Based on this dotplot, would a 90% confidence interval for π contain the value 0.5? Explain your answer.
(f) (4 points) Compute the standard error of the sample proportion of times that Augie chose the object correctly.
(g) (5 points)
(h) (3 points) question?
(i) (4 points)
(j) (4 points) A.
Construct an approximate 95% confidence interval for π using the 2SD method. What is the margin of error of the confidence interval that you found in the previous
How would you interpret the confidence interval that you found in part (g)?
Which of the following is a correct interpretation of the 95% confidence level?
If Augie repeats this process many times, then about 95% of the intervals produced will capture the true proportion of times of choosing the correct objective.
About 95% times Augie chooses the correct objective.
If Augie repeats this process and constructs 20 intervals from separate independent sam- ples, we can expect about 19 of those intervals to contain the true proportion Augie chooses the correct objective.
(k) (4 points)
object 21 out of 35 times.
Conjecture how, if at all, the center and the width of a 99% confidence interval would change with these data, compared to the original 2SD 95% confidence interval.
The center of the confidence interval would . The width of the confidence interval would .
(l) (4 points) Suppose that we repeated the same study with Augie, and this time he chose the correct object 17 out of 35 times, and we also change the confidence level from 95% to 99%. Conjecture how, if at all, the center and the width of a 99% confidence interval would change with these data, compared to the original 2SD 95% confidence interval.
Suppose that we repeated the same study with Augie, and this time he chose the correct
The center of the confidence interval would The width of the confidence interval would
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8.students are expected to research and compose a paper based on the application of concepts and theories examined in class.
ies examined in class. This paper is not a literature review, though a literature review is part of your work. As this course takes place in a compressed timeline, I provided some suggestions for research topics. Feel free to use one of these as a springboard or propose your own.
At the end of the second week of class, students submit a three-page research paper prospectus. A research prospectus is a preliminary plan for conducting a study. This is not a detailed and technical research proposal, but rather, an analysis of the issues likely confronted in such a study. In essence, it is a preliminary proposal of work.
Research Paper Prospectus Elements
To complete the Research Paper Prospectus, consider the following elements. While the prospectus is limited to three pages of body content, remember, students must cover each of these areas as relevant to the plan for research:
Research Problem. What is the research problem? A problem is a situation when left untreated, produces a negative consequence for a group, an institution, or a(n) individual(s). What makes it a problem? For whom? Who says so?
Assumptions. On what assumptions is the work based? Which assumptions are verifiable in literature? Which assumptions are speculative?
Theoretical Issues. What theoretical issues arise from the study? For example, "theoretically," how is the problem and suspected results explained to other scholars? Is there a behavior view? A social systems view? Are there other theoretical orientations to consider in the study's design?
Literature Review. What, in general, does the literature say about the topic? While more development is expected for the final paper, a review of major theories, research, and writers in the field is needed.
Research Questions. Based on the problem, what are the research questions to be answered? How and why will answering the questions contribute to solving the research problem? Remember....a research question can only be answered with empirical data or information.
General Research Plan. In general, what research is necessary to answer the research question. What kind of data is needed? Specify the type, such as surveys, observations, or interviews. Who is to be studied and why? How is the data reduced and made sense of? How is the quality of the data assured?
Anticipated Difficulties and Pitfalls. What kind of difficulties and pitfalls are expected in a study of this nature? What can be done to prevent them or minimize their effects?
Anticipated Benefits. Who will benefit from the fact this research is undertaken? How? Why? Who might be disturbed by this proposed study? How? Why?
Paper Format Requirements
The Research Paper Prospectus is presented in standard APA 7 format, with a cover page, running head, body, and references list. The cover page and references do not count toward the three-page requirement. The body uses headers and in-text citations in the manner prescribed by APA. Students should include any references they know at the time they submit the prospectus, though it is expected the references may change or increase in number. Full and complete adherence to APA is required.
As APA format is the rule, remember the formatting rules shown on the Sample Paper (Links to an external site.):
Times New Roman, 12pt
1" margins on all sides
Double spaced, with extra line spaces removed (see below)
Page numbers in the upper right
Two spaces after concluding punctuation
150-250 word abstract with keywords
APA-style in-text citations and quote format. Use the Purdue OWL in-text citation information (Links to an external site.)to help you.
Alphabetical (by author) reference page with correct reference format. DO NOT trust the reference generator in your word processing program. It is WRONG! Use the Purdue OWL references information (Links to an external site.)to correctly structure references and do so manually.