at her at speed of 40m/s. She shouts, “Youch!’ because the fast-moving ball hurts her hands. She quickly learns how to move her arms and hands along with the ball as she catches it to reduce the magnitude of the impulse force. If the contact time of the collision is increased from the original value of 3.5ms with no arm or hand movement, to 8.5ms in the manner described, how do the magnitudes of the average impulse forces compare? Calculate both of these average forces.